4th grade informational writing samples

4th grade informational writing samples

Usually, instructors provide students in grade four with 4th grade informational writing samples. This is to help them improve their writing skills. The Common Core State Standards Initiative states that fourth-grade writing should contain opinion pieces, explanatory or informative texts, and stories about real or imagined experiences. A fourth-grade writing curriculum should also include brief research projects.

What is fourth grade writing?

Students spend significant amounts of time writing in grade 4. Fourth-graders have a better understanding of the writing process and can choose a focus, an organization structure, and a point view. These choices will be based on the purpose, audience, length, and duration of the assignment. Style and voice are important aspects of their writing. Students are expected to be proficient in writing across all subject areas. By the fourth grade, they should be able write clearly and effectively, including complete paragraphs, transitional sentences, as well as a central theme. Fourth graders learn to write five paragraph essays and expand their grammar, spelling, mechanics and research skills.

Common elements in 4th Grade informational writing samples

Write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly. (a) Introduce the topic clearly, group related information into paragraphs and sections, and include formatting (e.g. headings, illustrations, and multimedia when necessary to aid comprehension. (b) Develop the topic using facts, definitions and concrete details. (c) Link ideas within information categories using words and phrases (e.g. another, for instance, also, because). (d) Use specific language and domain-specific vocabulary in order to explain or inform about the topic. (e) Provide a conclusion or section that relates to the information or explanation.

Grade 4: Writing Purposes

Fourth grade students learn to write in order to communicate, record, create, reflect, analyze, problem solve, and discover. Therefore, through 4th grade informational writing samples, they are able choose and use various forms of writing to accomplish specific purposes, such as to inform or persuade. Fourth grade writing standards require that students use the following formats:

Narrative: Students create narratives that are based on real and imagined ideas, events or observations. These narratives include characters, setting or plot, sensory details, a sequence of events, and context to allow the reader to visualize the world.

Informational/Expository: Students write to inform, such as to explain, describe, and report. Writing tasks can include summaries of procedures, recipes and instructions, as well as observations, notes, lists charts, maps labels, directions, and notes.

Persuasive writing is when students use persuasive techniques to convince, persuade and argue. In Grade 4, persuasive essays must establish a controlling idea and provide supporting arguments. They should also include persuasive techniques such as repetition, word choice, emotional appeal, and detailed evidence.

Personal Communications: Fourth grade students compose thank-you letters, informal letters, messages and friendly letters.

Creative: Students create entertainment by writing poems, stories, or song lyrics. They use figurative language (e.g. similes, metaphor, onomatopoeias, personification), rhythms, dialogues, character, plot and/or appropriate formats.

Responses to Literature: Fourth-grade students show an understanding of literary works and support their judgments with references to the text and to prior knowledge.

Fourth graders also work to be able to identify their voice in personal stories and in writing. They select the right form to suit their purpose, such as letters, reviews, poetry, or narratives.

4th grade informational writing samplesLet’s take a look at the outline in the 4th grade informational writing samples

  • Describe WHAT informational writing is
  • What are facts and what are definitions?
  • Writing introductions
  • The body: supporting details and strong facts
  • Conclusions

Structure and outline of 4th grade informational writing samples

4th grade informational writing samplesThe introduction, body and conclusion of informative essays outline can be divided into three parts. Each paragraph will typically be one paragraph in length. The body section, however, will contain several paragraphs. The body of an informative essay will generally contain at least three paragraphs.

From the given 4th grade informational writing samples, students learn that writing is like architect creating a building.

To help guide the building of a new structure, architects make a blueprint. Before they can start writing, writers must do the same. A writer must take the time to organize and plan their thoughts before they can create coherent essays. This is what many writers need to do. The outline establishes the tone for the piece. The outline will list the topics that will be covered in the order they will be written. Roman numerals are the usual way to begin outline. The introduction will, unsurprisingly, be identified by an I.

The body will then be labeled as II. The conclusion will be labeled with III. The writer will add information to each roman number. The next level will be marked using capital letters (like A or B, C) and the next level with more detailed information would be numbers (like 1, 2, 3 etc.). Each level will have more detail. While many teachers don’t require students to create complete sentences and outline their ideas, others do. When outlining an essay, students should ask their teacher about the expectations.


The introduction section of an outline should include a hook, background information and a thesis statement. An outline’s body section will include a hook, background information and a thesis statement. The details to be discussed are listed in the body. For the conclusion, you will often find a rephrased thesis followed by the details to be discussed.

 Introduction and Thesis

Typically, 4th grade informational writing samples start with an introduction, just like other essays. An introduction to an informative essay shares with readers highlights from a topic. These introductions will include a hook that will interest the reader. Think about fishing when you are trying to hook readers. What draws fish to the hook? Bait. Bait. It is intriguing to the fish. The hook should be appealing to the reader.

The next step is to provide background information. This will help you connect with the thesis statement, which will be the last part of your introduction. The thesis statement is the main focus of an essay. These statements usually last 1-2 sentences and are located in the end of the introduction.

Informative Essay Body

As demonstrated in 4th grade informational writing samples, the thesis statement is supported by the body of an informative essay. These paragraphs contain the majority of the information that the reader needs to know. The topic sentence will be the first paragraph of the body. It is the main idea of the paragraph. Include research related to the topic in the topic sentence.

You can either cite the research directly or paraphrase it from a source (such as MLA, APA or Chicago). Follow up on cited information by explaining and extending the information. Teachers will expect the discussion of a source source to be in-depth, and not repeat the source information.

Informative Essay Conclusion

An essay conclusion serves to close the essay. A conclusion may include a reframed thesis statement or a call for action. The call to action is likely to encourage the reader to engage in the topic or to seek additional knowledge and research.

How to write an informative essay


From the 4th grade informational writing samples, students develop the following writing tips.4th grade informational writing samples

1) Select a topic

When writing an informative essay, the first step is to pick a topic. This topic should be something the writer is able to research in order to write an informative essay. It is helpful for the writer that they have some knowledge about their topic before they start writing. Many teachers ask students to write on topics that interest them. When choosing a topic to write an informative essay, the most important thing is not to convince your reader. They are simply sharing information.

2) Research

Research should be done after students have chosen a topic. However, they should not organize paragraphs or outline the topic. The research should drive the organization and writing of the essay. Begin by asking questions. Students should use their knowledge to formulate these questions. This is why it’s important to know a bit about the topic before you start researching. Students can color code or paraphrase the same quotes to organize their research. You can do this digitally by using different colors to highlight the words or, if you are using notecards for the question, a different color notecard for each question.

3) Organize Work into Paragraphs

After a while of research, the students will begin to see the information start to come together. This part is easy if a student uses a colour-coding system. They can group the information and determine the main idea of each question. These main ideas will become the topic sentences of each paragraph.

Grade 4: Writing evaluation

Fourth graders learn how to constructively respond to other writers and to determine if their writing is fulfilling its purpose. Students in Grade 4 learn to use criteria to assess writing and examine published examples for inspiration. To help students write better, writing standards require that they keep and examine a selection of their own writing to identify its strengths and draw out any weaknesses.

Grade 4: Written English Language Conventions

4th grade informational writing samples also help students write more complicated sentences, capitalization and punctuation. These are the key indicators of proficiency, as outlined in fourth grade writing standards.

Sentence Structure

Complete sentences are best. You can vary the types of compound and complex words to match your purposes and meanings. Combining short sentences with appositives and participial phrases, as well as adjectives, adverbs and prepositional phrases can create related sentences.


Correctly use Standard English usage. This includes subject-verb agreement and pronoun referents.

Recognize and use irregular and regular verbs and the present and past verb tenses. Correctly use both regular and irregular plurals. Write vividly and precisely using adjectives (superlative and comparative forms). To elaborate on written ideas, use prepositional phrases. To connect ideas, use conjunctions. Use objective case pronouns like “Dan cooked dinner for you and I” to increase your accuracy.


Correct punctuation is important to clarify and improve meaning. This includes commas in series, commas directly address, colons and quotation marks in dialogue.

Use apostrophes to create contractions like it’s or possessives like Jan’s with greater accuracy.

To identify the titles of documents, use italics, quotation marks or underlining.


Proper nouns that are capitalized, such as titles with someone’s initials or words used in names (e.g. Uncle Jim, Mom and Dad, Jr.).

When appropriate, capitalize the names of magazines, newspapers and works of art.


Write with accuracy and follow spelling rules.

Learn spelling patterns and generalizations to be able to write accurately with the correct spelling of syllable structures, including closed, open and consonant before-le.

Make sure to use resources to correct spelling errors and spell correctly in your final drafts.


Use cursive or manuscript to write fluidly and clearly.

4th grade informational writing samples

Through 4th grade informational writing samples, students learn that they should clearly introduce the topic and then elaborate on it with facts and details. Students should explain a process in a logical sequence.

  • Bullied. How would you handle being bullied? What steps would you take to stop it?
  • Mad Skills. Please describe an unusual talent, hobby or skill you have
  • Cuisine. Tell someone about a unique food from your area or family.
  • Role model. Role model. Think about someone who has had an impact on your life.
  • Give it back. Do you have one wish to make the world a better place, now or in the future?
  • Wild Kingdom. Write about your favorite wild animal, or one of the domesticated. In your essay, include interesting facts about the animal.
  • Gaming. Tell someone how to play your favorite board or video game.
  • Extreme Weather. Pick an extreme weather event or natural disaster like a tornado, volcanic eruption or hurricane. Describe its causes and consequences.
  • Sweet Treats. Describe the process of making your favorite dessert.

There are many learning styles. Consider the learning style you prefer, such as reading, listening, and doing. Describe why you believe that this is the best way to learn.

Edison. Thomas Edison claimed that he made no mistakes. He just learned 10,000 ways to not make a lightbulb. Please describe a mistake that you made and the lesson that you learned.

Narrative Essay Writing Prompts

From the 4th grade informational writing samples, many students also learn how to develop narrative essays. Students should use descriptive details as well as logical sequence when writing narrative essays about real and imagined experiences. Students can also use dialogue or sensory details to help develop their essay.

Microscopic Details. Imagine being microscopic. Imagine a journey through your body.

Alone. Overnight, you find yourself locked up in your favorite shop alone. What are you doing?

Homeless. You are accompanied home by a friendly stray dog. What’s next?

Time Travel. Imagine that you could travel back to the time when your mom and dad were your age. Write an essay about your fourth-grade parent.

Mismatched. Tell a story about someone you know. Your story should include a giraffe and mouse, a flying rug, and large birdcages.

Pet Peeve. Tell us about a time when you were really annoyed by something. Describe the event and explain why it bothered you.

Surprise! Imagine a time when your teacher surprised you and your class. Describe the incident and how it affected your class.

Remember the special moments. You will always be able to recall a particular day or an event. What was it that made it so memorable?4th grade informational writing samples

Explore the history of travel. Imagine that you could travel back to the past and live through one historical event. Write about the experience and describe the event.

The Most Terrible Day. A story about a day that went horribly wrong. Describe the day’s beginning and ending.

Road trip. Write about your favorite family vacation. What were your favorite places? What was it that made it so special?

Funny Pet Tricks. Do you have a pet that can do funny or unusual tricks? Please describe it.

President. What would you do if you were president of the United States or principal of your school?