Disability Essay: Introduction

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A disability is a mental and physical condition that limits a person’s ability to perform their daily activities, senses, or move. Modern society has recognized these problems and created laws to help them. Some believe that the life of the disabled is now quite manageable. However, these changes do not eliminate the obstacles that are associated with their disabilities.

Because of the stigmatization in social relations, as well as the economic, mobility and motivational problems associated with this condition, the life of someone with a disability is today just as hard as it was in the past.

Different kinds of disabilities

Many disabilities can affect your work life. These are some common disabilities that you might encounter:

  • vision Impairment
  • Deaf and hard of hearing
  • Mental health conditions
  • intellectual disability
  • acquired brain injury
  • autism spectrum disorder
  • Physical disability

Ask your staff member about their disability.

Do not ask the person about their disability.

Vision impairment

Vision impairment is a term that refers to those who are partially or completely blind.

Talking to someone who is blind or with vision impairment

  • Always identify yourself and all others who are with you
  • Ask the person if they require assistance and listen to their specific instructions. However, be ready for rejection.

When guiding someone, let them hold your arm and not take theirs. Describe any changes to the environment, such as steps or obstacles.

The person who has a guide dog should be aware that the dog is working and should not have to be distracted.

Tips

  • Make sure front-of-office staff are trained and ready to assist those with vision impairment.
  • Training and induction should be completed with more flexibility and time.
  • Glare and poor lighting can worsen vision impairment.

People who are hard of hearing or deaf

A variety of hearing impairments exist, from mild to severe. Hard-of-hearing people may use a variety of techniques and equipment, including speech, lip reading, writing notes, hearing aids, or sign language interpreters.

Talk to someone who is hard of hearing or deaf.

  • Look at them and communicate directly with them, not only to those accompanying them (including interpreters).
  • If the person with hearing impairment has instructed otherwise, speak clearly and use a normal voice.
  • If you are unable to understand the meaning of a person’s words, ask them to repeat it or rephrase. Or, offer a pen and note.

Tips

  • Make sure front-of-office staff are trained and ready to assist deaf and hard of hearing people.
  • Training and induction should be completed with more flexibility and time.
  • Think about the location of the workspace. This will allow the employee to see other people in the room. Also, the workplace should be located where there is little background noise.

People suffering from mental health issues

A general term that refers to a variety of mental illnesses, which can affect the brain or mind, is called mental illness. These illnesses include schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and personality disorders. They can affect how a person thinks and feels.

People with mental health conditions may have difficulty concentrating. This can sometimes be due to medication. Avoid stressful situations whenever possible to prevent your condition from getting worse.

Tips

  • If necessary, provide clear and complete explanations and instructions in writing
  • Ask the person what information they want.
  • Training and induction should be completed with more flexibility and time.

Additional information: Mental health at work

People with intellectual disabilities

An intellectual disability can cause significant limitations in the abilities of a person to live and work in the community. This includes difficulties with communication, self care, safety, and self-direction.

It is important to treat everyone as an individual.

  • A person with an intellectual handicap is the same as everyone else. Treat them as you would treat your own child.
  • Consider the extra time that it may take for someone with an intellectual disability in order to say or do something.
  • Be patient with those who speak slowly or with great effort.

Tips

  • Training and induction should be completed with more flexibility and time.
  • Reduce stress as it can cause problems in concentration and performance.
  • Make sure to keep instructions short and easy. As you make progress, use demonstrations and more complex words.
  • A person with an intellectual disability might not be as aware of social cues or have less developed social skills.
  • You can give verbal or written instructions, or you can use examples to illustrate ideas. Also, summarise ideas frequently.

ABI patients are people who have suffered an acquired brain injury (ABI).

A brain injury acquired (ABI) is any type of brain damage that occurs after birth. An injury to the brain can be caused by infection, disease, lack or oxygen, trauma, or any other reason. About 160,000 Australians are affected by acquired brain injuries. More men than women are affected.

Each person’s long-term effects can vary and may be mild or severe. Many people who have ABI experience the following:

  • Increased fatigue (mental, and physical)
  • Some people experience a slowing down in how quickly they process information, plan and solve their problems.
  • Changes in their personality, behaviour, and physical and sensory abilities. Also, thinking and learning.
  • You may also experience difficulties in memory, concentration, and communication.

An Acquired Brain Injury is not an intellectual disability. It does not cause a mental illness.

Tips

  • Training and induction should be completed with more flexibility and time.
  • Clear and detailed explanations of the instructions and steps should be provided.
  • To maximize concentration and performance, reduce stress.
  • You can give verbal or written instructions, or you can use examples to illustrate ideas, and summarise them.

People with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism can be described as a broad umbrella that includes Asperger’s syndrome, Autistic disorder and atypical autism. Autism can affect the way information is received and stored in the brain. Autism is characterized by difficulties with communication and social interaction, as well as verbal and nonverbal communication. There are three areas where impairments can be found:

  • Social interaction
  • Communication is key
  • Repetitive behaviours and restricted interests

Many autistic spectrum disorders suffer from sensory sensitivities. Over or undersensitivity to touch, sight, taste, smells, sound, temperature, pain or touch.

Several characteristics of Asperger’s syndrome

Asperger’s syndrome sufferers are usually intelligent above average and show many different social skills and behaviours. Some Asperger’s Syndrome patients may exhibit the following traits:

  • It is difficult to form friendships
  • Ability to communicate well but not enough or too little
  • Inability to comprehend that communication includes both listening and talking
  • A literal understanding of what was said. Asperger’s syndrome may cause confusion when asked to say “get lost”, as in go away.
  • Inability to comprehend social rules, feelings and body language. Asperger’s syndrome can lead to confusion.
  • Sensitivity to criticism
  • A narrow range of interests. A person with Asperger’s syndrome might be interested in learning everything there is about trains, cars, and computers.
  • eccentricity.

Tips

  • Establish routines and create predictable environments.
  • Tell autistic people what’s about to happen, before it happens.

People with a physical disability

Disability Discrimination: Information, News, Examples : Disabled World

A common feature of physical disability is the impairment in one aspect of a person’s physical function, usually their mobility, dexterity or stamina. People with a physical disability will often be experts in their own needs and can understand the effects of their disability.

There are many types of disabilities and many situations that people can experience. It can be permanent or temporary. It can be present from birth or acquired later in life. Different abilities are possible for people with the same disability.

Tips

  • Always ask for assistance before you offer it.
  • Talk to the person at the same level.
  • Do not assume that someone with a physical disability has an intellectual disability.
  • Before touching a wheelchair or other mobility aid, ask permission.

Disability in Modern Society

Writing down our happiness and dreams: essay contest and the statist narratives of deaf identity in China: Disability & Society: Vol 36, No 1

Due to the emotional problems associated with disability, a person would have a difficult life today. His or her disability would be the only thing that defines him or her. It doesn’t matter if the individual is talented or handsome, such as Tom Cruise. He will always be a disabled person. This attitude can obscure one’s achievements and discourage others from achieving anything.

Others with the ability to do so would classify them as second-class citizens. To get past these labels, it would take willpower and determination to live one’s life. This argument is opposed by those who claim that many of the greatest innovators in modern society are disabled.

One example is Dr. Stephen Hawkings. His mathematical inventions led many breakthroughs in the field cosmology (Larsen87). These achievements are not the only ones that exist. Your 100% original paper on any topic is yours In as little as three hours People like Hawkings are forced to work harder due to their disabilities and other scientific work. Because he faces two types of obstacles, a disabled scientist can be more diligent than a normal scientist. It is rare to find people with such willpower. Because of its emotional demands, people with disabilities can lead to difficult lives.

How society can be helpful to disabled people

Many technologies have been developed to make life easier. Modern cities are equipped with elevators, stairs, cars, cars and doors to facilitate movement. These technologies can be difficult to use for people with disabilities. Many find they are unable to climb stairs, drive cars, or access trains on their own. While the rest of humanity is enjoying the benefits technology, disabled people would still need to overcome these obstacles in order to move around.

Some people who disagree with this claim would argue that the modern life of a disabled person is easy because so many devices are available to assist in movement. A person can purchase artificial limbs, or use a wheelchair. However, many of the most effective assistive technologies are expensive and not affordable for everyone. Many of them will have to deal with hard-to-use equipment like wheelchairs. These may not always fit in certain spaces. These regular devices would require them to exert effort.

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How does society treat the disabled person

Today, social relations pose a major challenge to disabled people. Many of these people live in isolation or only interact with others who have the same disability. Even though there has been progress, social stigma persists today. Friends wouldn’t be willing to give up their time to assist the disabled person. Due to the psychological and physical implications, it would be difficult to find a partner or marry someone.

If a person’s handicap is physical and affects their kinetics then they won’t engage in sexual activity. Or, psychical defects may make them unattractive because many people find them sexually inexplicable. These social stigmas can hinder a person with a disability’s ability to have normal relationships with others.

Another reason disabled people don’t live fulfilled lives is because of economic hurdles. Some jobs don’t require investment in one’s image so they are tenable for disabled people. However, many positions consider one’s physical appearance. These jobs include TV anchoring, sales, politics, and sports. These jobs are so demanding that a disabled person would not be able to participate in them.

The positions might also be too focused on the physical appearance of disabled people to make them unsuitable. Although this may seem like discrimination it is simply a fact that the world is becoming more superficial. Companies are driven to sell, and have little time for being proactive or fair. These attitudes shut out many opportunities for disabled people and force them to take up passive jobs. Disability Essay by yourself? Boompapers can help you

Disability Essay: Conclusion

The obstacles faced by persons with disabilities in modern society have not been eliminated. It is apparent in their attitudes, which tend to reduce the identity of disabled people to their inability and not their achievements. Their difficulties in mobility and technology use also show their hardships. Their social relationships are also limited by stigmatization and friendship demands based on their physical attractiveness. Their mobility issues and physical appearance also negatively impact their economic prospects. These obstacles show that disability can cause its victims to suffer from painful lives.

Disability etiquette

🤘 Worldwide, about six hundred million people live with some form of disability. Ideally, this is approximately 10 percent of the world's population (Stein, 2007).

For those who have never had to interact with someone with a physical or mental disability, the exchange may seem intimidating or nerve-wracking. People may be anxious about what to say or how to avoid being stared at. While these concerns can be understandable, it is important to remember that people with disabilities should be treated equally as everyone else.

When you interact with someone with a disability, the most important thing is to see them as they are. It boils down to having an awareness of disability and good disability etiquette. Vantage Mobility has some helpful tips to keep in mind to raise awareness:

Look for commonalities, before thinking of differences. The basis of all human connections is common ground. Once you find something in common, you can then deal with differences. A person with a disability may use a wheelchair lift to get into a car. Instead of focusing on how you and the person driving differently, think about what you have in common: you both drive. The difference is irrelevant in this case.

Don’t make people with disabilities feel like they are victims. It is wrong to refer to someone as a “spinal chord injury victim” or “cerebral palsy victims“. This takes away their power. Because the focus is on what happened, rather than what they did to change it, it deprives them of their strength or ability to overcome. It would be more appropriate for someone with a disability to be called a “survivor”.

Do not assume that they view their disability as a tragedy. Many people with disabilities have overcome difficult emotions to become happy and fulfilled with their lives. An innocent statement such as “I’m sorry this happened to you” or something similar can cause a person with disability to feel sorry and sad.

Move your eyes to the level of your eyes. Unspoken feelings of inferiority or superiority can result from the height differences between people in wheelchairs compared to able-bodied. When possible, it is safe to sit or stand at eye level with someone with a disability. A table is a good option as it can hide any obvious differences such as a wheelchair. A chair with or without a table is better than sitting down, as it can make the person in a wheelchair feel more like a child.

Always make eye contact with someone with a disability. People who are afraid they might be disrespectful to someone with a disability may choose to ignore them. Do not do this. People with disabilities deserve to be acknowledged. It would be terrible for any human to feel ignored.

Before you offer assistance, ask if they need it. In your efforts to be respectful, don’t try and accommodate everyone with a disability. It is better to ask “Do you need anything?” or “Do you want me get the door?” Providing assistance before the person asks implies that they are incapable. This can be offensive, especially if the person has worked hard to take care of themselves.

Don’t underestimate the capabilities of someone with a disability. Many people with disabilities can take care of themselves without assistance. It has taken them a while to adjust to a new way of living. You don’t have to worry about them. They know what they can do and what limitations they have.

Before you expect to be understood, try to get to know the person and their disability. Sometimes, your efforts to be kind and respectful towards someone with a disability backfire. It is possible to be misinterpreted or offend someone. Instead of getting mad and saying, “They should understand that I wasn’t trying being rude,” take a step back and consider the many factors that could have caused your upset.

Talk to the person first before he or she speaks to their caregiver. People assume that someone with a physical disability, such as a speech or distorted figure, is mentally disabled and will not understand. It’s respectful to speak with the caregiver before approaching someone with a disability. Approaching the caregiver first assumes that you view the person with a disability as incapable or unequal. This damages the relationship instantly.

Avoid using offensive or outdated terms. It is not acceptable to use terms such as “handicapped” and “wheelchair bound” today. Many wheelchair users dislike the negative connotation of the word “bound”, which means they are tied to their chair. Wheelchairs offer mobility and freedom. The more appropriate term is “Wheelchair accessible”. Many people believe that the term “handicapped” is too broad and vague. More appropriate is disabled. Remember to treat people with disabilities the same way you would like to be treated. Respect and good manners are something that everyone appreciates, not just those with disabilities.

Works Cited

Larsen, Kristine. Stephen Hawking: An biography. Greenwood Publishing, Westport, Connecticut, 2007. Print.