Essay on immigration in the UK1

Essay on immigration in the UK

Introduction

Students handling essay on immigration in the UK admits that travelling and immigration are commonplaces in the modern world. Millions of people around the globe have moved around since the advent of globalization. This is for many reasons, including work, housing and cultural, economic, political and educational issues.

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Essay on immigration in the UKCertain countries are more popular destinations than others. Logically, countries with well-developed labor markets and business industries, as well as better living conditions, are preferred over those in economic crisis, wars, or with high unemployment rates. Both the sending and receiving sides have their advantages and disadvantages when it comes to immigration. Some immigrants can be very beneficial to the country’s economic development because they have valuable and rare skills.

Essay on immigration in the UK also reveals how immigrant workers from less developed countries can lead to a decrease in average salaries in certain spheres, cause unemployment among native workers, or disrupt the balance of social care. Every country that is well-developed has to deal with immigration.

This paper will examine the current problems of immigration in Britain, including its statistics, the number of foreign-born people, difficulties caused by immigration, public opinion about it, and policies that aim to improve the current situation.

Essay on immigration in the UK: Statistic

Toni Blair once said that a great country can be described by the attitude of its citizens towards it. If the population wants to get in, it is great. But if it is happy getting out, it isn’t so great (Nelson par. 1). This definition states that Great Britain has been a great nation for quite some time. Over the past twenty years, its “greatness” has grown rapidly.

Essay on immigration in the UKStatistically, the United Kingdom’s immigrant population grew by more 50 percent between 1993-2013. This means that 3.8 million foreign-born individuals grew to 7.8 million in just 20 years (Rienzo Vargas-Silva par. 2). This trend is also evident among British citizens. Over the same time, their number increased from 2 to 5 millions. The percentage of foreign-born people in the country was 7 percent in 1993, and it rose to 12.5 percent in 2013.

As many students write an essay on immigration in the UK,  most immigrants are concentrated in metropolitan areas. London, for example, is the largest city in terms of immigrant population. It has approximately 2.8 million residents and represents 37 percent of Inner London’s total population (Rienzo and Vargas Silva par. 3).

The top ten countries with the highest number of UK immigrant citizenships discussed in essay on immigration in the UK are Germany, France and Lithuania. However, the United States and Ireland have the top three ranks (Rienzo, Vargas-Silva, par. 6).

Essay on immigration in the UK: Public perception of immigration

The United Kingdom’s immigration problem is a major concern for many people. Hence, students from all over the world have been tasked with writing essay on immigration in the UK Despite the fact that the number of immigrant residents has increased over the past two decades, it is still a problem that the UK citizens consider more serious.

Many times, the issue of immigration is brought up by politicians and the media during elections. This is because citizens believe that immigrants take over citizens’ jobs and increase unemployment. Assylum-seekers also use all social benefits.

Essay on immigration in the UKRecent surveys show that the UK’s population isn’t very informed about the true number of immigrants living in the country. Ipsos Mori’s social research facility found that most people believe that immigrants make up 24.4 percent of Britain’s population, while in reality the number is almost twice that (Nardelli & Arnett par. 7).

Furthermore, the UK’s perceived Muslim population is only 5%, while 21 percent is the perceivable percentage (Nardelli and Arnett par. 5). Nevertheless, it is often underestimated the number of Christians. These misconceptions contribute to a negative public attitude towards immigration. The British Social Attitudes Survey 2013 data shows that over 56 percent of British citizens agree with the recommendation to reduce immigration.

My personal view on immigration

While developing scholarly essay on immigration in the UK, I have also put my own thoughts therein. While immigration will in some cases lead to an increase in unemployment for certain industries, I believe that the positive impact of immigration on our economy outweighs any negative. My opinion is that immigration has greatly contributed to our economy. The large-scale, long-lasting and positive economic impact of this migration boom are just a few of the many attributes.

First, preliminary estimates show that the number of immigrants to our country has surpassed 1.1 million since 1997. This accounts for approximately 7% of our total population. The 2004 line shows that the previous annual increase was 145,000. It then rose to around 190,000. The annual increase in Chinese immigrants is expected to reach 500,000 by 2007, according to predictions.

Second, new immigrants are more skilled, honest, and productive than local workers and have contributed to China’s economic growth. Immigrants accounted for 17 percent of the country’s economic growth in 2004. The survey also revealed that immigrants contributed a net amount to the economy by spending?28.8 trillion in public services and subsidies in 1999 and 2000.

Essay on immigration in the UKThird, new immigrants work in low-skilled industries that are subject to long-standing discrimination from ‘locals’. This partially reduces the long-standing imbalance between supply and demand for labour in these industries. The 2006 migration sector distribution survey revealed that the proportion of immigrant workers from Eastern Europe in the following sectors was 21% to 13%, 14 percent to 9per cent, 14% to 9per cent, 24% to 19per cent, 10 percent to 7 percent, and 24% to 19per cent respectively. Employers also found that immigrants are more trustworthy, more diligent, easier to dismiss, and more willing to pay higher wages than natives in certain industries.

Fourth, China’s ageing population is more grave. China’s acceptance of immigrants can alleviate the current labor shortage in China, and the United Kingdom’s high-end talent can provide intellectual support as well as spiritual impetus to the development science and technology, so that China’s society can develop faster. The increase in immigration will lessen the issue of racial discrimination. Cultural diversity will increase, and China will enjoy greater cultural success.

Essay on immigration in the UK: Who are the immigrants?

While asylum-seekers from countries in crisis and war are seen as a major problem for the United Kingdom, the actual number was only 126055 at the end 2013. This means that refugees fleeing the horrors of their home countries constituted 0.23 percent of the country’s total population (Colvile Par. 5). 5).

The majority of immigrants who come to the UK aren’t looking for benefits; they seek work opportunities. They might end up using medical services, or they might have children. However, this is not what they originally came for.

Essay on immigration in the UKThis issue can be seen objectively. It is clear that most immigrants to the United Kingdom are there to obtain the jobs the British population does not want or cannot do. There are two main types of immigrants that most of these immigrants fall under. These are professionals at the top of the ladder who can fill the skills gaps in the British workforce.

These workers work in large, London-based corporations that have access to the global labor marketplace. They are mainly employed by these companies because the UK cannot train enough people for certain fields. Second, there are those who take over “3D jobs”, which is “difficult and dangerous” (Colville par. 8). These workers are low-skilled and unpopular in native citizens’ professions.

The foreign students make up a large part of the remaining immigrants. Each year, the country receives more than 250000 non-EU students. About one-fifth these students are long-term residents of the UK.

Essay on immigration in the UK: Reasons to Immigrate to the UK

Our country is heavily dependent on social welfare. Asylum seekers are provided with a limited number of shopping papers per week in the UK. Some of these can be exchanged for cash. They believe that it is easier to get a job here. The labour market in our country isn’t as tightly controlled as other European countries.

My Government stipulated that asylum seekers could legally work after waiting six months for their asylum applications to be decided. The reality is that many asylum seekers either work illegally within six months of their initial application or wait for the outcome to stay illegally. The Ministry of the Interior often cannot notify the applicant after the final application has been made. This is another reason why the country has not been able to reach its annual deportation target for many years.

People’s migration to other parts of the globe is often attributed to globalization as essay on immigration in the UK writers confide. However, this is not true for Great Britain. British Government was the force that drove immigration rates up in the country. While the Labor Party was in power, the major increase in immigration rates took place. The most important thing is that the political leaders did not know what was happening. Their opposition was also not informed.

David Cameron and Gordon Brown were unaware of the true numbers, which included immigration from both EU countries and non-EU ones. The issue of immigration was not popular in Britain over the past several decades. Therefore, citizens who felt uncomfortable living in areas that were significantly affected by immigration had no one to turn to for help.

Many current politicians in the United Kingdom support the idea that a truly multicultural society should be created. However, the negative attitudes of native populations towards immigrants is cited as one of the main causes of social conflict (Kern par. 3).

One of the most important outcomes of increasing immigration to the UK is the difficulty in education due to the large student population and the housing shortage. There is a general perception that Britain is overcrowded. It is also important to note that there are approximately 860000 illegal immigrants living in the UK (Kern par. 1).

Essay on immigration in the UK: Reduced immigration

British National Party is among the many political parties that openly oppose immigration. Party leaders propose that all illegal immigrants and foreign born criminals be deported, asylum seekers who seek refuge in countries closer to their homelands are rejected, and all immigration except in exceptional circumstances is restricted. BNP leaders believe that white Britons are second-class citizens (Immigration Par. 4).

The UK’s current Government takes immigration seriously. Because it reduces the chances of native citizens finding low-skill jobs, reduces income levels in the state and robs less advanced EU members of skilled workers, the immigration from the poorer EU countries must be restricted.

Eastern European countries and new EU members are the most likely to face restrictions on immigration to the UK. Older members, such as Spain, might also be affected by the new policies, as they are often popular senders of immigrants.

Essay on immigration in the UK: The UK’s Immigration Policies

The UK is one of few countries with strict immigration policies in accepting refugees and newcomers. This is why the UK must be aware of the potential consequences of its policies. These strict policies come with a variety of risks. There is a risk that immigrants may not be able adjust to the UK’s culture and language barriers.

These policies could also be used by illegal immigrants to avoid taxes and claim asylum in a third country. These risks could increase, which could result in the UK being more hostile to immigrants, and could limit their ability to receive new migrants.

 

What are the challenges that immigrants face when they have to deal with language and cultural barriers?

Essay on immigration in the UK  also reveals that immigrants who face language and cultural barriers are often unable to find work. Nearly half of the immigrants to the UK don’t speak English at all, according to studies. This makes it hard for them to find work. Another problem is that they often live at a lower standard than the average British citizen. It is important that the government creates programs to help these people adapt to life in the UK, and integrate better into society.

Essay on immigration in the UK: Benefits of Immigration to the UK

Many benefits accrue to the UK from immigration. One advantage is the opportunity for cultural and language exchange. It allows immigrants to adapt to new cultures and learn from them. This helps the UK keep a diverse society and adds creativity to an otherwise stagnant workforce. It also benefits the economy by creating more jobs that are open to immigrants.

Immigrants have many valuable skills and talents that could be used to boost the UK’s economy. Some immigrants have the ability to nurture relationships and manage finances. These skills allow them to quickly adapt to their new lives in the UK and provide British citizens with valuable services they don’t have otherwise.

One advantage of immigration is that it can reduce economic pressures on British citizens in certain sectors such as construction and agriculture. These industries are labor-intensive and require a lot more manual labor, but produce little value (e.g. building houses). These industries can expand their capabilities without needing to pay more for labor or provide additional land.

Essay on immigration in the UK: Increase in the Labour Force

More migrants are likely to be working-age. Most migrants are coming to study or work. They may also bring their dependents. However, net immigration generally leads to an increase of the labour force and decreases the dependency ratio, which in turn increases the economy’s potential output.

Augmentation in aggregate demand and Real GDP

Essay on immigration in the UK report that increased aggregate demand is also a result of net inflows. The economy will see an increase in spending due to migrant workers. In addition to increasing the supply, there will also be an increase of the demand for labour. This is related to the higher spending in the economy. Ceteris paribus: net migration should result in an increase of real GDP. It is less likely that the impact on per capita real GDP will be significant.

Flexibility in the Labour Market

Students writing essay on immigration in the UK also discuss the flexibility in the labor market. The net migration may create a more flexible labor market. If there are job opportunities in particular areas, migrants will be more inclined to migrate to the UK. In the mid-2000s, for example, there was a significant inflow of workers from Poland, and other Eastern European countries – which helped to meet the demand, such as plumbers and builders. To fill key jobs in the public sector, such as nursing, the government has sought to attract workers from different countries.

The theory is that higher unemployment could discourage migrants. This has happened in Ireland. However, net migration in the UK has continued despite higher unemployment between 2008 and 2012. The unemployment rate has dropped significantly since 2012 and the migration rate has remained relatively constant.

Positive effect on the dependency ratio

Essay on immigration in the UK also include positive influences of the immigrants on dependency ration. The UK will see an increase in dependency due to its ageing population. Net migration can help to decrease the dependency ratio. Net migration helps reduce the number of people working and fewer migrant workers.

According to the Migration Observatory, 70% of foreign-born people were between 26 and 64 in 2019. This is compared with 48% for UK-born citizens (link). The government can reap the benefits of a younger population. Migrants who are working-age will be subject to income tax and VAT, but they will not be eligible for benefits.

Essay on immigration in the UK: Scale economies

Others might argue that the notions of “overcrowding” are ill-placed. People were already concerned about overcrowding in the nineteenth century. Higher population densities can be more efficient in some ways and have a smaller environmental impact. The UK has a lower population density than other countries, such as Belgium. If migrants contribute to the growth of an economy, then there will be more tax revenue available to finance public infrastructure.

Essay on immigration in the UK: Benefits from welfare

Popular belief is that immigrants are more likely than others to be eligible for welfare benefits and housing. One theory is that Britain’s generous welfare system encourages people from Eastern Europe to move to Britain and get housing and welfare benefits. Immigrants can receive benefits and housing. According to a University College of London report, :

  • “EEA migrants have contributed positively to the UK’s fiscal health, even when there were budget deficits.
  • This positive contribution is particularly noticeable for more recent immigrants that arrived since 2000 in particular from EEA countries.”Conclusion
  • Britain today can be called a country of immigrants. The current situation in the United Kingdom regarding immigration can be seen as both a positive phenomenon and a problem.

Conclusion of Essay on immigration in the UK

High-skilled immigrants fill the growing skills gap in engineering, IT, and science. Many immigrants from the EU’s poorer countries also take over low-skilled jobs and are willing to work for lower wages. This can have an impact on native workers who may be able to obtain the same positions.

The UK’s immigration situation is generally negative because most people are not aware of the true numbers. This causes tension between native and foreign-born communities. Although the current UK Government claims that it is beginning to address the issue of immigration, the actual results are minimal.