Heart of darkness evil

Background

Heart of darkness evilIn Heart of darkness evil is one of the many themes Joseph Conrad successfully discusses. Evil is both a concept and a personified or given human form by certain characters.

Conrad’s use of darkness throughout his novel, including the title, is a sign of the all-consuming evil that pervades the story. In Heart of Darkness, darkness can have multiple meanings. This is Conrad’s masterpiece. We’ll take a look at each of these points and then discuss evil.

Darkness All Around and its Relation to  Heart of Darkness Evil Theme

Heart Of Darkness is a book that explores the theme of darkness, as one might expect from its title. Marlow, sitting in Nellie’s anchor boat Nellie on the Thames, describes his native England early in the book. He said England has “also been one of the darkest places on the earth.”

Marlow is reflecting upon his untold story. He refers to England’s atrocious colonial policies. After having seen its direct and indirect consequences on colonized people, as well the colonizers, Marlow also considers the history of colonial England. This is Conrad’s representation of darkness as evil.

Marlow starts his story by telling us that he has always wanted to travel to the Congo since childhood. As a young man, he finally gets the chance. Marlow however, says that ”by this point it wasn’t a blank space anymore. It had become a place .”. of darkness. The colonizers saw darkness as a sign of the danger and mystery in lesser-known parts of Africa.

Marlow later recounts the moment he visited The Company’s offices to get his commission. The Company headquarters was located in “a narrow and deserted street with high houses, deep shadows, and innumerable windows with venetian shutters, a dead silence”. Marlow and his readers are again surrounded by darkness and shadow to create an uncomfortable atmosphere.

Marlow, who enters the building, adds to this uneasy feeling. Marlow is greeted by “Two women, one thin and one fat, sitting on straw-bottomed seats, knitting black wool.” To give off an evil spirit, The Company uses the color black.

Marlow also points out the memorability that scene adds to this feeling of evil. “Often far away, I thought about these two, guarding a door of Darkness and knitting black wool as a warm pall.” Marlow also recalls that Marlow was there when Marlow saw the women knitting with black wool, which could be used to make a coffin or pall.Heart of darkness evil

Exploration of Heart of darkness evil

Conrad’s Heart of Darkness explains that everyone has vulnerability, fragility and weakness within themselves and strong fear of being taken from the essential norms or values. We all have basic evils within us. This basic hidden evil is not present in our daily lives. These evils become insurmountable and insurmountable when we are in that zone.

 

These evils can threaten our lives. Invisibly, greed and the lust for power and wealth are hidden in our innermost parts of our lives. In the normal state we live in, we don’t realize how dangerous life is. If we don’t have any substance to stop the temptation, we are tempted to give in to it.

Kurtz Manifest evil

Kurtz is an extraordinary and unique genius who help Conrad to reveal heart of darkness evil. He is an exceptional European. He is a refined, European-moral European civilized self. All basic evils were hidden from him, despite the beautiful glow and glamour of his civilized persona. Kurtz’s civilized personality and self-began to fade as soon as he landed on the Congo soil. Kurtz saw the potential of exploiting ivory.

He was able to see a lot of economic resources in Congo. These people were incapable of self-governance, he found. Kurtz had an ambitious vision of a Congo-African ruler. Kurtz was a greedy man who had seen a lot of ivory. Kurtz became more barbaric than natives in the name of dominating them. Kurtz should have been able to control his moral self when he was confronted with savagery and savage people. Kurtz must have resisted the temptations and destructive nature of his desires.

Kurtz accepted power, material gain, and the beauty of brutalities. His civilized self-became so shattered that he was the avatar for the natives. He became so consumed by barbarism, that he started to shout, “Exterminate all the brutes!” He is always one step ahead and he soon becomes so cruel that he was willing to kill his bosom friend for a piece of ivory. He was so obsessed with Congo that he exploited it rapaciously.

His sins grew and spread rapidly. He was so sexually obsessed that he lost touch with his European girlfriend and started to have a relationship with an African woman. Kurtz’s sins grew exponentially as he became more attuned to an evil-stimulating environment. Marlow had also reached Congo, just like Kurtz.

Marlow, however, was able to keep his head above water in spite of the temptations of evil. The novel asserts that the explorer can explore the outer world of evil and also discover his inner world of evil by exploring it. Evil is evil, no matter what you do. The elements that you discover are evil. Conrad’s The Heart of Darkness explores evil.

Joseph Conrad mocks the hollowness and inevitability of Western European civilization. European civilization makes many claims. Western civilization boasts of slogans such as “Universal Culture”, Universal Civilization, and “The White man’s burden”. All of these claims and slogans are hollow and empty.

At the surface, the veneer (Mantle), of European civilization seems beautiful and glamorous.

It is impossible to resist being seduced by the beautiful veil and veneer of European Civilization. Its exterior appearance is so attractive and captivating that it makes us fall in love. The European civilization also claims to be capable of more than it can.

It claims it can give more than it is capable of in reality. It is prone to play the game of what Gayatri Spivak, a famous post-colonial critic, called “Othering”. It boasts artistically about its inherent superiority.

Joseph Conrad believes that the West is worrisomely fragile, and even dangerously vulnerable. Its slogans and claims are hollow and dangerously hollow. Its context is lacking in depth. Kurtz arrived in Congo as the symbol of Barbarism and an antithesis to civilization.

Kurtz began to reveal his hidden barbaric self. Uncontrollable greed only increased. His civilized self-did not subdue the sudden emergence the barbaric self.

Kurtz became crueller and more exploitive as he lived in Congo. Kurtz would not have become the lusty and licentious, cruel, and exploitative figure he was if the west civilization had been as strong as it was. Kurtz was not the only one who turned out to have been exploitative. The group of pilgrims on Christianization mission also proved to be exploitative.

Their supposed mission of Christianization in Congo was just a cover for the ghost of economic exploitation. Kurtz’s much-prized mission to civilize African natives is a hollow white man’s burden. The real target was ivory.

It is tempting to look at the European civilization’s outer facade. It is, however, fragile and easily broken. It falls apart when it comes in contact with barbarism. The powerful and prominent theme is to emphasize the fragility and veneer of Western Europe Civilization.

Heart of Darkness Evil vs. GoodHeart of darkness evil

Conrad takes us on an intimate journey into the heart of man in the Heart of Darkness. Marlow discovers that Kurtz is not a prisoner of the rules and can see the terrifyingly real truths about human nature when he goes into Africa’s jungle to find him. Marlow observes the effects of freedom on Kurtz and discovers that human nature can be both infinitely terrible and wonderful. Marlow observes the effects of such freedom upon Kurtz and discovers that human nature can be both infinitely terrible and wonderful.

Marlow discovers that the human nature is both a variable thing and subject to its environment. However, it also has the potential to be good or bad. In an environment without rules, the temptation to evil is most prevalent. This creates an everlasting turmoil in the human spirit as it wrestles between its conscience and its urges towards evil.

This battle between good and bad is also represented by the theme civilization versus savagery. It is implied that laws and codes are used to encourage men to reach higher standards. It serves as a buffer against men reverting to their darker tendencies.

However, civilization must be learned to better understand the theme of heart of darkness evil. London, which is referred to as a symbol for enlightenment in the book, was once “one the darkest places on the earth” before the Romans brought civilization to it.

Although society may seem to curb these wild tendencies, it doesn’t eliminate them. These primal tendencies will always lurk in the background like a black cloth.

Kurtz is a prime example of the tendency to revert back to savagery. Marlow meets Kurtz when he discovers a man who has completely thrown away all the constraints of civilization and de-evolved to a primitive state.

 

Evil: Bad or unmoral behavior; evil. Harmful: Causing damage, injury, or pain. A sign of future misfortune or character; ominous. Notable for bad or blamable reports. A person who is angry or spiteful; malicious. Different people use different definitions of evil.

Heart of darkness evil: Characters

Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness explains the concept of evil through four main characters: the cruelty of the Belgian Congoans, the main mystery of Kurtz and the setting in which they live. To cruelly defeat the natives, the smarter Europeans used their intelligences and arm strength.

Kurtz, a man who is primarily portrayed as evil in the story, is a good example of how the concept of evil can be expressed. The Europeans can think of the Belgian Congo as evil, but the land is more of an instrument to bring out the worst. The land and its inhabitants can also be seen as a source of corruption.

Conrad also sees darkness as a source of evil. Conrad adds darkness to his story through characters, settings, and motifs.

The Evil of Military Conquest enable Conrad to establish Heart of darkness evil

Heart of darkness evilIn Heart of Darkness, evil is a real reality. This theme dominates the novel. This novel is filled with evil in many ways. Marlow mentions the conquest of Britain by the ancient Romans at the beginning. Marlow claims that the Romans conquerors used only brute force.

They took what they could to get what was left. It was “robbery with violence and aggravated murder at a large scale”; Marlow states that conquest of any territory by any country on the globe means taking it away from those with a different complexion or slightly smaller noses than the conquerors. Conquest can only be saved by the idea, the idea behind it, and an unselfish belief. Marlow’s talk focuses on the evils of conquest and the brutality and slaughter that military conquests require.

The history of humanity has seen the conquest of other peoples’ territories as a constant feature. Conquest has always been associated to cruelty and brutality.

Marlow’s Remarks Have a Hint of Heart of Darkness Evil

Marlow refers to Brussels as a whited sepulchre, which means that a place is outwardly good and righteous, but is inwardly corrupted and evil. Marlow emphasizes the evil nature of this city when he mentions that the Belgian conquerors ran an over-sea Empire in Congo and made no end of coins* by trading.

This is where the Heart of darkness evil related to imperialism and colonial exploitation are clearly shown. Marlow describes two women who are knitting black wool feverishly. This is where Marlow hints at evil. These knitting-women remind of the mythological Fates, who were always busy spinning the yarn of human destiny.

Marlow claims that even though he was in Congo, he thought of the two women as guarding the door to darkness and knitting black wool to cover him. Marlow feels that he is not going to the center of a continent but to the center of the earth as he sets out on his journey. This kind of comment sends chills through us and also hint at the evil that exists in this universe.

Marlow’s Natural Scenery Descriptions: A Suggestion of Evil

Marlow’s descriptions of natural scenery he sees on his journey over the ocean and then over the Congo River have an eerie hint of evil. Marlow’s descriptions of the dense forests and wilderness he sees along the way suggest that they are the abode for evil.

Marlow, for instance, sees a vast jungle so dense it looks almost black. The sun shines fiercely and the land appears to be glistening and dripping with steam. Marlow later describes how ascending the Congo River was like going back to the very beginnings of the universe. He talks about the empty stream, the great silence and the impenetrable forests in which the air feels warm, thick, heavy and slow.

Here, there is no joy in the shining sunshine. Marlow’s steamer reaches deeper and deeper into “the heart of darkness”, and the earth seems unarthly. Marlow’s narrative is filled with such descriptions that it heightens our fear of evil, which seems to lurk behind the million and billions of trees.

Marlow reveals the evil behind all other sightings

Marlow also sees other things on his journey that suggest evil. Marlow sees, for instance, a warship off the coast firing its guns, without any target in sight.

Marlow believes that the warship’s actions are a little insane. The firing appears to be completely futile and aimless. Marlow sees many trading posts where the “merry dance of trade and death” continues “in a still, earthy atmosphere” that resembles an overheated tomb. Marlow is horrified and shocked to see what he can see after he has gotten off the steamer of the Swedish captain.

He sees many people, most of them black and naked, moving around like ants. A boiler is seen lying in the grass, and then more machinery is visible. One place is where a rock is being bombarded with gunpowder, even though it is not in the way the railway line that is to be laid.

He then sees the terrible sight of a chaingang. The chain-gang’s members are criminals sentenced to hard labor. Marlow says that he has seen the devils of violence, greed and hot desire before, but now he is seeing another type of devilry. He was now seeing the “devil rapacious, pitiless folly.”

In Heart of darkness evil is represented by the White Agents of the Trading Company

Marlow is not helped by the white men he meets on his journey to Congo. These men, though they appear civilized, are in fact degenerate and were driven by greed to reach this distant place from Europe.

Marlow’s description of these men clearly shows there is no goodness. These white men are a great deal of evil when taken together. These white men represent the imperial exploitation and oppression of backward nations that the white men had conquered with force of arms. The Central Station manager is a despicable man who cannot inspire fear, love, or respect and can only inspire uneasiness.

Marlow claims that this man had “nothing in him”. Managers are only supported by their hope for promotion and more money. The Company’s white agents can be seen wandering around the Central Station with their staves in hand, doing little. They spend their time engaging in malicious talk, and plotting against each other.

Brick-maker is the manager’s spy. He keeps an eye on the other white men at Central Station and reports to him anything he hears. Marlow calls this man a “papier-mache Mephistopheles”, meaning that he is a devilish, but hollow kind of devil. Marlow also stated that if he poked into the body of this man, he would only have found a small amount of dirt.

This means that white men who travel all the way from Europe and arrive in this area to improve the lives of native people are only exploiters, with absolutely no concern for the welfare of the savages. Marlow doesn’t have much praise for these men.Heart of darkness evil