How to write a POV analysis
To know how to write a POV analysis, you must be familiar with the sources of historical documents and the views of their authors when studying them. You must analyze the points of view within documents using the Document Based Question (DBQ). Understanding context, point-of-view and frame of reference is required to be able to recognize the sources of documents and the points of view of their authors.
Attention should be paid to both the internal evidence (the content of each document relative to others) as well as the external evidence (identifications of author, intended audience or purpose, and date each document was written). Here are some guidelines to help you know how to write a POV analysis. Remember that you only need to present one analysis of the document’s viewpoint. There are many ways to do this. You don’t need to use all of them on every document.
- Take the time to read through all documents. You should include the following information in the source line. Who wrote it? Which occupation did they have? It was written and compiled when? Where? Why? Etc.
- This is the difficult part of how to write a POV analysis: You need to answer the following question: Why did THIS person produce THIS piece of information at THIS moment or in such a way? From where is the author? Consider how the information in the attribution and any other information that you may have gleaned from the document, as well as information from other sources, might affect your point of view. What would you have to do to get the person to say something else? This can be done using a variety of acronyms and methods. SOAPSTONE is the one I’ll use.
S – Who is Speaker/Source?
- Who said this?
- Who produced this piece of art?
- What are his or her past experiences?
- It is best to try to figure out what makes someone different than you. If you know something about the person, you can then use it to draft how to write a POV analysis. These acronyms and variations can be used to aid in memory.
H – Heimat – country of origin, ethnic or national identity
O – Occupation/profession
G – Gender
W – Worldview – values reflecting religious/philosophical, or other ideals
A – Age
R – Real Knowledge. This is the limit of the speaker’s knowledge. What could they possibly know?
T – Theoretical Ideals. – Political [conservatives, liberals, radicals, pacifists, fascists, etc. ], economic [mercantilist, capitalist, feudal, socialist, communist, etc. ] or other intellectual / social values
S – Social Status. Includes class, caste wealth, education and social status.
O – What’s the Occasion? (Sometimes very close to the Purpose
- When was this statement made – under what circumstances can also guide on how to write a POV analysis?
- What is the current time and place?
- What other historical events or periods were going on at the time that could have had an impact on the author’s writing?
- What context might have encouraged you to write?
- Did the author consider any other documents that were produced before this one?
- Why was it written, drawn, or photographed?
Critical questions on How to write a POV analysis
A – Who is the intended audience?
- Who is the audience for this piece? It could be one person, a small or large group.
- What does this mean for the way it is written?
- Was it a private record? Did it have to be read/heard? Is it an official document that a ruler can read? Is it an official photograph or painting?
- Do they respond to concerns or arguments that aren’t clearly stated? Which position do they take and why?
- It is helpful to analyze the audience by looking at our preconceptions and preconceptions about this text. How might these point to a difference in the values and ideas of those who are writing it and those who are reading it.
Consequently, it makes it easy to know how to write a POV analysis/ for instance, how does this impact our understanding? This is how you can know it – what makes you believe this? Who would interpret it differently from you? And why?
P – What’s the purpose?
- Why did they say that?
- What purpose did the document serve? Which of their motives, motivations, or goals were they?
- What’s at stake for the author with this text? This document will guide you on how to write a POV analysis. What does the document tell you about the author of this text? This is where you need to link motivation from the author and the text itself. This is the most difficult one to do right and often misunderstood.
S – What’s the Subject? This is NOT to be used for POV, but to support POV claims and to answer the question.
- What is being spoken? What are the main topics, ideas, and content of the text (summarized?)?
- What can you learn to answer the question?
- What is missing? Why would it be so? This is a great way to help you when looking at the additional document.
- What makes this text unique or similar to others with similar backgrounds or topics?
- Is there any other evidence that supports the source? Is there any other evidence that could be used to challenge the source?
- What is the document telling us, but not actually telling us? You must distinguish between fact and interpretation.
Tone help find How to write a POV analysis
What’s the tone of the document? (Will overlap Speaker)
- What is the point of this?
- What vocabulary does it use (not only adjectives, but also a lot of other words)? What does it use to convey the author’s intent? )?
- Why did they adopt such a tone? Is it to present a case? If so, how does that affect their presentation. Is their strategy working?
Thinking about the SWEET and SOUR approach is also advisable when deciding how to write a POV analysis. What is the message or speaker?
S – Are you sad or are you wistful?
W – Are you worried or panicked?
E – Exasperated.
E – Excited, guilty / ashamed
T – Tolerant or sympathetic?
A – Are you arrogant, condescending, or insensitive?
N – Negative or defensive?
D – Deferential?
S – Are you sarcastic or funny?
O – Obsessed or fanatical?
U – Uncertainty or knowledge?
R – Rude, cruel, or antagonistic?
Additional Tips for Students when deciding how to write a POV analysis
- Identify loaded or unusual words and phrases in the text.
- You can list standard or expected alternative meanings.
- What are the differences in the original and alternative words (social, culture)?
- Ask why other words were not used in the source.
- Alternately identify the purpose of writer/speaker for the document. What is the author’s main interest in this topic?
- Do not accept generalizations or opinions as facts.
- What’s left out of the document? Don’t assume that a historian has a point of view. Everybody has a view. While it does not render what we say false, it can affect how we speak it and sometimes even what is said. This is an excerpt from the textbook World.
Examples of Point of View
The following examples will you know how to write a POV analysis
The point of view is the person who tells or narrates a story. You can tell a story from either the first or second person (POV). To express their emotions, writers use POV. A story’s POV is the way the writer intends to communicate the experience to the reader. It is helpful to review examples of point-of-view for each type in order to better understand the differences.
First Person View
First person view allows the main character to tell the story. In first person writing, readers will see the words “I,” “me” or “we”. This is a common use for narratives and autobiographies. The first person POV can either be singular or plural. The singular form uses the words “I” or the “me”, while the plural uses the word “we”. Both forms are used to express the writer’s personal viewpoint.
- My summer vacation to the beach is something I look forward too. I love to swim in the ocean and collect seashells.
- Walking the dogs in the woods is a great experience. It is great fun for all of us.
- If I could choose, the white car would be mine.
- We decided not to drive, so we took the train from home to the city.
How to write a POV analysis: First Person Peripheral POV
The first-person peripheral is very similar to the standard POV, but it has one major difference. Although the story is told to the readers by the narrator (the main character), the narrator does not necessarily tell the whole story. If a story is told in the first-person peripheral POV, the “I” or the “me” refers only to the narrator and not the protagonist. If “we” or the “us” term is used, it refers to the narrator as well as one or more people, which could or may not include the main characters.
Jim was always someone I admired and expected to see great things. I look forward sharing his achievements with you.
- I hope you’ll come to see what sets Jim apart from other politicians.
- Jim once said something to me as a child that made me believe that he would change the world.
- Jim is a great example of how we should be blessed with someone like him in our lives.
How to write a POV analysis: Second Person View
Writing from the second person POV allows the writer to speak directly to the reader. This point of view uses the words “you,” “your,” and “yours”. Second-person POV is used most often in business writing, technical writing and speeches.
- You can make big changes in your life by following a few easy steps.
- Season your chili well in advance and frequently to make it great.
- The progress that you all make is a source of pride for management.
- You have to fight for your right! Fight for Your Right, Beastie Boys
How to write a POV analysis: Third Person View
The third person perspective has an external narrator who tells the story. This perspective can be singular, plural, gender-specific or gender neutral. This point of view uses words like “he”, “she,” and “it” Fiction and academic writing often use third-person POV. There are three types third-person POV.
Third Person Omniscient POV
The omniscient third-person POV gives the narrator insight into the thoughts and actions of all the characters.
- Bob was planning a night out with Millicent. But she was secretly making plans to end their relationship. They would all be shocked to learn of her plans.
- Amy was excited about girls’ night out but her friends secretly hoped that it would be cancelled.
Multiple POV for Third Person
Third person multiple POV allows the narrator to understand the thoughts, motivations, and actions of several characters in the story. However, they are not able to share the same level of insight with all of them.
- Although Ed’s teacher was aware of his potential, the truth is that he wasn’t interested in school. He was too busy at home.
- Jane was looking forward to her vacation. Although she knew she was entitled to the vacation, her boss was worried about certain deadlines.
How to write a POV analysis: POV for third person
The third person POV is limited and the narrator has no insight into the thought processes of one character.
- He is an excellent football player. He is proud to have been the one who scored the most touchdowns in this season.
- She was the only one who had all the answers to the test. She received the highest grade of the entire class.
- She heard a loud thud in the middle night. She was so afraid that she didn’t know what to do next.
How to write a POV analysis: Different points of view
Depending on the way you want your story to be told, the point of view that you use when writing will determine which perspective you use. To create intimacy and a sense that you are speaking directly to the reader, it is best to tell a story from the author’s point of view. The second person is used to direct the writing towards the reader (e.g., for a recipe, speech) and allows you to distinguish the writer from the narrative. The third person is used to tell the story from an external perspective and give an overview.
Be consistent with your writing style and keep to the same point of view. This allows the reader to better understand your perspective. You can also learn more about how to use point-of-view in writing.
What is the difference between Third Person Omniscient and Third Personnel Limited?
The all-knowing omniscient narrator has a complete understanding of the story and its characters. The omniscient narrator, who can travel through time and enter the mind of anyone, is able to give their opinions and observations along with those of the characters. The omniscient narrator is also more knowledgeable than the characters. Think of him as having a god-eye-view of them. He knew he had the virus but didn’t know what it was.
A third-person limited point of view, also known as a “close third“, is when an author stays close to one character while remaining in third person. This allows you to feel the emotions and thoughts of a character, giving readers a more intimate experience of their character. “She was afraid that he would never return as she watched him go.
Ernest Hemingway is well-known for his direct third-person narration style.
In 4 Easy Steps, How to Select the Right Point Of View
It can be difficult to determine which view is best for you. Try out different perspectives and find what works best. Is it better to hear the words from a first-person POV or a broader POV? Do you think a third-person POV will do justice to your ideas? Or is a more intimate, single-character perspective better?
- You can try different points of views. You can’t choose the best point-of-view strategy for your novel unless you try them all. You’ll likely find the best one for you story as the writing will move faster and you’ll feel momentum. You can create intimacy by giving the reader access into your character’s inner monologue. The second person is used as a stylistic choice. It is an effective, but potentially overwhelming narrative device that can cause confusion and claustrophobia. A third person narrative is more flexible than either first or second person. You can switch between the points of view of different characters. Zoom in and out to see a limited or “closed” third perspective.
- Establish your point of view once you have chosen it. No matter what narration style you choose, it is important to quickly establish your point. In any scene, let the reader know who your character is. When you use third person, it is important to mention the name of the character in the section. A simple statement such as “Robert felt tired” can convey the information. Stick to your point of view while you are in it. If you are narrating from the viewpoint of your hero character and suddenly switch to another character’s point of view mid-scene, this disruption will throw your reader off their feet.
- Be aware of your limitations Character development is aided by point of view. The reader will see the world through your characters’ eyes. It is important to know your characters’ weaknesses at all times. You should review your writing often to find any mistakes in giving information or opinions that a character might not normally have.
- You can change it. It doesn’t mean you have to stick to one point of views throughout your novel. Some novels go from the first to the third, or even the first to second. It is important to remember that by establishing a point of view, the author creates a contract with the reader. This contract states that you will follow that point of views throughout the scene. While it’s fine to have subplots from different points of views throughout your novel, you should treat each one as a separate chapter or section.
How to write a POV analysis: Four Ways to Use Point of View
To achieve many effects in your writing, you can use the narrative point of view.
- Create suspense. Your reader will wait for your character to discover what they know. This tension will keep the reader on their toes.
- Make a narrator who is not reliable. A first-person narrator who knows more about the reader than the reader, but withholds the information from the reader to manipulate them. Gone Girl (2012) by Gillian Flynn, and Rebecca (1938), by Daphne du Maurier, are two great examples of unreliable narrations.
- Use humor to make things funny. Comedy is created when a first-person narration knows less than the reader and other characters. This strategy makes the reader laugh at the narrator rather than laughing with them. Gulliver (1726) by Jonathan Swift is an example of this strategy. In Gulliver’s travels, a plain-spoken narrator tells whoppers while keeping his cool. John Kennedy Toole’s A Confederacy of Dunces (1980), in which the narrator complains of the ineptitude of others characters when he is clearly, the ineptest of them all. An omniscient narrator is able to satirize every character in a story, just like Voltaire did in Candide (1759).
- Tragic irony is a good idea. The characters are less knowledgeable than the reader. Narrative irony also includes foreshadowing. This is when the omniscient narrator gives clues to the reader about what will happen in the future. Irony can be created when tragic events are foreshadowed but characters don’t know about them. Irony can also be created in the first-person perspective. However, you must tread carefully between having your narrator foreshadow and being completely ignorant of what’s coming.
How to write a POV analysis: Conclusion
Be familiar with the basics of POV before you begin to experiment with it. To understand the impact of each POV on the story’s narrative, read works written by great POV authors.
Although POV can be a matter for choice, it is an important aspect of any story or novel. Fitzgerald had to rewrite The Great Gatsby, as he originally wrote it in Gatsby’s voice. He thought it would be more powerful to write from Nick’s naive perspective. Think of it as a masterpiece from a different perspective. It is certainly not as powerful.