Obesity causes and solutions essay

Obesity causes and solutions essay

Obesity, a complex condition that causes excessive body fat, is not a simple disease. Obesity doesn’t only affect the appearance of your body. Obesity can lead to other health issues, including heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and certain cancers. Many factors can cause weight problems. Most people are obese because of inherited, physiological and environment factors.

It is possible to lose weight, even if it is only a small amount. This can make it easier or more difficult to have the health problems that obesity causes. Weight loss can be achieved through healthier eating habits, more exercise and behavioral changes. You have other options to treat obesity, such as prescription medication and weight-loss treatments.

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How common are obesity and overweight?

According to a U.S. national survey 1,2,3

Over 1 in 3 adults was considered overweight

Over 1 in 3 adults were diagnosed with obesity.

Over 2/3 adults were classified as obese or overweight.

For more information on obesity and overweight in the United States, visit NIDDK Overweight & Obesity Statistics.

Who’s more likely to be obese?

3 Overweight is more common in men than in women.

Who’s more likely to get obese?

According to a U.S. survey, certain groups are more susceptible to obesity. 2

Black adults had 48 out of 100 who were obese.

42 of 100 Hispanic adults were found to be obese.

36 of 100 white adults were considered obese.

2 Obesity is more common in women than it is in men.

Numerous factors influence the likelihood of someone being obese. However, people may be affected differently by these factors.

What causes people to gain weight?

Many elements could cause weight gain. They can also affect the amount of weight that your body stores. Your body stores more calories if you consume more calories from food and drinks than you burn through physical activity or from daily living activities, such as sitting or sleeping. You will gain weight if your body continues to consume more calories than it burns off. Obesity and overweight can result from excessive weight gain.

Who should shed weight?

According to medical experts, people with obesity should lose weight.

Many people who are overweight have one or several factors that increase their risk of heart disease. They should lose weight. These factors include

diabetes

prediabetes

high blood pressure

Dyslipidemia–high LDL cholesterol levels, low HDL cholesterol levels, or high Triglycerides (NIH external link).

Large waist size — for men, greater then 40 inches and for women, greater that 35 inches

Symptoms

To diagnose obesity, the body mass index (BMI), can be used. BMI can be calculated by multiplying your weight in pounds by 703, then dividing your height by inches. Divide weight in kilograms and height in meters.

  Weight status
Below 18.5 Underweight
18.5-24.9 Normal
25.0-29.9 Overweight
30.0 and Higher Obesity

Asians with BMIs of 23 and higher could be at greater risk of developing health problems.

BMI gives a reasonable estimate for body fat. Although BMI is not a direct measure of body fat, it can be used to estimate body fat for some people. For example, muscular athletes may have a body mass index in the obesity category, even though their body doesn’t have excessive body fat.

For treatment decisions, many doctors measure a patient’s waist circumference. Men with a greater waist circumference than 40 inches (102 centimeters), and women with a larger waist (35 inches) are more susceptible to weight-related problems.

When do you need to see a doctor

Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about your weight, or other health issues related to weight. Talk to your doctor about your health and possible weight-loss options.

Causes

Obesity can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetic, behavioral and hormonal. These excess calories are stored in the body as fat.

Most Americans consume too many calories from high-calorie beverages and fast food. People who are obese might consume more calories before feeling full or feel hungry quicker.

Many Westerners have jobs that require less physical effort, and don’t need to burn as many calories at their work place. Because of the conveniences offered by remote controls, elevators, online shopping, and drive-through banks, even everyday activities can burn fewer calories.

Risk factors

Obesity can be caused by many factors.

Family inheritance Influences

You may be affected by the genes passed to you from your parents. This could affect how much and where you store it. Genetics can also influence how quickly your body turns food into energy, your appetite regulation and your ability to burn calories while exercising.

Obesity tends be a family trait. It’s not because they have the same genes. The eating and activity habits of family members are also similar.

Lifestyle choices

Unhealthy diet. Diet that is high in calories, lacks fruits and vegetables, high-calorie beverages, large portions, and high in fat contributes to weight gain.

Liquid calories. You can consume many calories without feeling full, especially if you’re not drinking alcohol. Other high-calorie beverages like sugared soft drinks can cause significant weight gain.

Inactivity. You can easily eat more calories if you live a sedentary life than you would burn by exercising and doing daily routine activities. It is considered a sedentary act to look at a phone screen, tablet or computer. It is associated with weight gain if you spend a lot of time in front of a computer screen.

Certain medications and diseases

Sometimes, obesity can be attributed to medical reasons, such Prader-Willi Syndrome, Cushing Syndrome, and other conditions. Reduced activity can also lead to weight gain, as can arthritis.

Weight gain can be caused by certain medications if you do not eat well or exercise enough. These medications include antidepressants and anti-seizure medicines, antipsychotic medication, steroids, and beta blockers.

Social, economic and political issues

Obesity can be linked to both economic and social factors. It is hard to avoid obesity if there aren’t safe places to exercise and walk. Eating healthy foods or learning how to cook may be another reason you might not have access. You may also have an impact on your weight by who you spend time with. If you have obese friends, you are more likely than others to get overweight.

 

Obesity is a condition that can strike at any age. Your risk of becoming obese increases with age due to hormonal changes as well as a reduced activity level. Additionally, as you get older, your body’s mass tends to decline. In general, a lower metabolism is associated with a lower muscle mass. These changes can reduce calories and make it harder for you to lose weight. Weight gain is likely if you don’t take control of your diet and exercise more as you get older.

Additional factors

Pregnancy. It is not uncommon to gain weight during pregnancy. After the birth of a baby, some women find it difficult to lose this extra weight. This may lead to women becoming obese.

Stop smoking. Stop smoking can lead to weight gain. It can even lead to obesity for some. Many people resort to food to ease the withdrawal symptoms from smoking. However, quitting smoking will provide a greater health benefit over continuing to smoke. You can get help from your doctor to prevent weight gain by quitting smoking.

Sleep deprivation. Getting too much or not enough sleep can result in increased appetite. Weight gain can also be caused by a craving for high-calorie foods and carbohydrates.

Stress. There may be many factors that influence mood and well being. Stress can lead to people choosing high-calorie foods.

The Microbiome. What we eat has an effect on our gut bacteria, which can lead to weight gain and difficulty in losing weight.

Even if your risk factors include some of the above, this doesn’t automatically mean that you will be overweight. Many risk factors can be mitigated by changing your diet, exercising, and making behavioral changes.

Complications

Obese individuals are more likely to suffer from a variety of serious health problems.

Strokes and heart disease. Being overweight increases the risk of high blood pressure and abnormally high cholesterol.

Type II diabetes. Obesity could affect insulin levels. This can increase the risk for insulin resistance and diabetes.

There are certain cancers.

Digestive problems. Overweight increases the risk of developing liver disease, gallbladder disease or heartburn.

Snoring. This can lead to sleep apnea.

Osteoarthritis. Obesity can cause weight-bearing joint stress and inflammation. These factors could lead to complications like osteoarthritis.

Severe covirid-19 symptoms. Being overweight increases your chances of developing severe symptoms. COVID-19 patients with severe symptoms may need to be admitted to intensive care units.

Quality Life

Obesity may lead to a decrease in quality of your life. You might find it difficult to engage in the physical activities you used to love. You might avoid public places. Even discrimination may occur for obese people.

The following are other weight-related issues that could impact your quality life:

Depression

Disability

Shame and guilt

Social isolation

Lower work achievement

Solutions to the Obesity Epidemic

The most common treatments for obesity and overweight include eating healthier, exercising more, and changing your habits. Some people can lose weight, or prevent regaining the weight they have lost. People with obesity may find it difficult to lose weight enough to improve their health, or to prevent them from gaining weight again. If this is the case, your doctor may recommend other treatment options, such as weight loss medicines, weight-loss device, or bariatric surgical.

Experts recommend that you lose 5-10% of your body weight in the first six months. [10] For 200-pound people, that means losing only 10 pounds. It is possible to lose 5-10% of what you weigh.

Help lower your chances of developing health problems relating to obesity and overweight

Reduce health problems caused by obesity and overweight such as high levels of cholesterol or hypertension

  • Supports Greater Physical Activity

Physical activity can help increase energy expenditure throughout the day. This can help prevent weight gain and maintain energy balance. If necessary, it may help to reduce a person’s negative energy balance or facilitate weight loss. But adding an exercise session, such as running or going to the gym, often doesn’t change energy balance. However it is good for your overall health. Why? Exercise can increase hunger. There are only so many calories one person can burn in 30-60 minutes. You should also look for non-exercise activities thermogenesis (NEAT); that’s, ways to increase your daily movement.

  • Recess time at schools and physical education should be prioritized. Movement helps children learn and keeps them healthy.
  • Make your neighbourhoods safer and easier to walk, cycle, and play in.
  • Encourage your children to ride their bikes or walk to school if it’s safe.
  • Encourage family and community participation in physical activity through walks together, trips to parks, and group walking.
  • Encourage more movement at work by encouraging walking meetings, exercise breaks, and treadmill desks.
  • Find the best ways to move that you love and are practical for your schedule. All activities count, including yard work, playing tag with the kids, and going out dancing.

Healthy eating plans

A healthy eating plan with fewer calories is often the first step towards treating overweight or obesity. If you are obese or overweight, it is important to get regular exercise. Regular exercise can reduce calories. Regular physical activity can help you maintain healthy weight. Regular physical activity, combined with healthy eating, will help you lose weight.

How to change your habits

Although it is hard to make changes in your eating and exercise habits, it is possible with the right planning, patience, regular support, regular support, and a lot of effort. These tips will help you lose weight, improve your health, and engage in regular exercise.

Setbacks are normal. Recover quickly and get back to your healthy eating habits as soon as possible. Avoid eating in public areas such as the kitchen and dining room. Avoid eating in areas where there may be treats. Track your progress with online food or exercise trackers like the Bodyweight Planner. These trackers can help you track the foods and activities you do, as well as your weight. These tools might help you keep going and motivate.

Setting goals. It can be helpful to set specific goals. Do not try to be more active. Instead, set a goal to walk for 15-30 minutes each day before lunch or work. Don’t miss a Monday walk, and go again Tuesday.

Reach out to others for support. Talk to your family, friends or healthcare professionals. You can seek support by phone, email, or text. You can also join a support network. A team of health professionals is available to help you make changes in your life.

Weight-management programs

Some people can benefit from a formal program for weight management. Specialists in weight-management will create a comprehensive plan for you and assist you with executing it. Plan options include a reduced-calorie diet, increased exercise, and methods to change your habits and stay with them. Specialists may be available to meet you face-to-face in either individual or group sessions. You may be contacted by specialists via telephone or the internet regularly to support your plan. Tracking your compliance with your plan may be possible using devices like smartphones, pedometers, or accelerometers.

Some individuals may also be able to benefit from commercial weight loss programs.

Weight-loss medicines

If healthy eating habits and regular exercise are not enough to manage obesity , your doctor might prescribe drugs.

Keep up with your healthy eating and exercise routine, even if you are taking weight-loss medications.

Ads for herbal treatments and dietary supplement NIH external might appear. These ads may claim to help with weight loss. These claims can be misleading. Some supplements can cause serious side effects. If you are trying to lose weight, consult your doctor.

Weight-loss devices

If you haven’t lost weight or gained back weight with other methods, your doctor might recommend weight-loss device . Research on weight-loss devices is still new and does not provide long-term evidence of their safety or effectiveness. Weight-loss devices include

Electric stimulation system. This device is inserted by a surgeon in your stomach with Laparoscopic Surgery . The device blocks nerve activity in your stomach and brain.

Gastric balloon systems. A doctor places one to two gastric balloons through a tube in the stomach. After the balloons have been placed in your stomach, the surgeon will fill them with salt water. This will make your stomach more spacious and help you feel fuller.

Gastric emptying. This pump is used to empty part of your stomach after eating. The tube runs from your stomach’s inside to your abdomen’s outside. You can use the pump to drain your food through the tube to the toilet, approximately 20-30 minutes after you have eaten.

 

You can lose weight with a variety of operations. Bariatric surgery is an option for extreme obesity patients who have not been able lose enough weight to improve their health or prevent them from gaining weight back. If you are suffering from serious health conditions, such type 2 diabetic or snoring, then bariatric treatment may be an option. A lot of medical conditions associated with obesity, including type 2 diabetes, can be treated by bariatric surgery.

Special diets

Calorie-restricted diets

Your doctor may suggest a lower-calorie diet. For example, 1,200 to 1,500 calories per day for females and 1,500 to 1,800 for men. Your body weight, physical activity level and body mass will affect the calorie intake. Healthy eating habits will help you stay healthy by eating lower calories and eating more healthy foods.

Intermittent fasting

Intermittent Fasting is another way to reduce food intake. It is becoming increasingly popular for its health and weight loss benefits. Alternate-day Fasting is a type of intermittent fasting. It consists in a “fast” day that has no calories and satisfies one-fourth the caloric needs. The “fed day” or unrestricted day alternates with it. There have only been a few studies on intermittent fasting’s effectiveness as a weight loss strategy. Researchers don’t have any long-term data regarding the safety and effectiveness for intermittent fasting as a long-term strategy to lose weight.