Obesity causes and solutions essay

Obesity causes and solutions essay

Obesity is a complex illness that results in an excess amount of body fat. Obesity is not a cosmetic issue. It is a medical issue that increases the likelihood of developing other diseases such as heart disease and diabetes. There are many reasons people may struggle to lose weight. Obesity can result from genetic, physiological, environmental, diet, physical activity, and exercise choices.

Good news! Even modest weight loss can reduce or even prevent obesity-related problems. An improved diet, physical activity, and lifestyle changes can all help you lose weight. Other options include weight-loss surgery and prescription medications.

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How prevalent is obesity and overweight?

According to a U.S. National Survey 1,2,3

One in three adults were overweight

One in three adults was considered obese.

More than 2/3 of adults are overweight or obese.

More statistics on obesity and overweight are available at NIDDK’s .

Which person is more likely be overweight?

3

Who is most likely to become obese?

A U.S. study found that some groups are more at risk of obesity. 2

48 of 100 black adults were found to have obesity.

42 out 100 Hispanic adult were classified as obese.

36 percent of white adults were considered to have obesity.

Many factors contribute to who is more likely be overweight. Different factors could affect individuals differently.

Why does weight gain occur?

Many causes weight gain and can affect how much your body stores. Your body stores additional calories when you consume more calories via food and beverages than what you get from physical activity, sitting, or sleeping. Your body will begin to gain weight if you consume more calories per day than you burn. An excessive weight gain can lead to obesity or overweight.

Who is a good candidate to lose weight?

According to medical experts obesity is a sign that you should lose weight.

Most people who have excess weight and are at higher risk for coronary disease need to lose weight. These factors include

diabetes

prediabetes

high blood Pressure

Dyslipidemia – High levels of cholesterol, low HDL cholesterol and high levels triglycerides NIH link

A large waist size is important for both men and women.

The symptoms

BMI (body mass index) is often used for diagnosing obesity. BMI is calculated when you multiply your weight in lbs by 703, then divide your height in inches by your height again. Or, divide the weight of a kilogram by the square measure of height.

   
Below 18.5 Underweight
18.5-24.9 Normal
25.0-29.9 Overweight
30.0 and above Obesity

Asians who have a BMI higher than 23 could be at increased risk of developing health issues.

BMI provides an estimate of body weight for most people. But BMI doesn’t directly measure bodyfat. Muscle athletes might have a BMI within the obese category even though there isn’t excess bodyfat.

A lot of doctors also measure the person’s waist circumference in order to guide treatment decisions. Weight-related issues are more common in those with a circumference greater than 40 inches (102 cmimeters), and in those with a measurement above 35 inches (89cmimeters).

How to see a Doctor

Your doctor can help you manage your obesity if your concerns are about your weight and other weight-related health issues. Together, you and your doctor will evaluate your health risk and discuss your weight loss options.

Causes

Obesity occurs when your body absorbs more calories than it burns through exercise and daily activities. These extra calories are called fat by your body.

People in the United States eat too many calories. This is often due to high-calorie beverages and fast foods. People with obesity may consume more calories before feeling satisfied, feel hungry more quickly, or eat more when they are stressed or anxious.

Many Westerners are now able to work in jobs that are less physically demanding. This means that they don’t have to burn as much calories. You can even save calories by using conveniences such remote controls, escalators or online shopping.

Risk factors

A combination of causes and contributing factors can lead to obesity.

Family inheritance and influences

Your parents’ genes could influence the amount and distribution of body fat that you store. Genetics could also impact how efficient your body converts food and energy, how your body manages your appetite, or how much calories you burn during exercise.

Obesity tends not to run in the family. This isn’t just due to their shared genes. Families often share similar activities and eating habits.

Lifestyle Choices

Unhealthy eating habits. A diet high in calories and low in vegetables, laden with high-calorie beverages, and large meals can lead to weight gain.

The liquid calories. Many calories can be consumed without feeling satisfied, particularly alcohol calories. Other high-calorie beverages such as sugared soft and other drinks can lead to weight gain.

Inactivity. Sedentary people can eat more calories each day than they burn through regular activities and exercise. A sedentary activity is looking at the phone, tablet, or computer screens. A high proportion of weight gain is linked to how much time you spend in front of a monitor.

Medications and diseases

For some, obesity can be linked to a medical condition, such Prader–Willi syndrome, Cushing disorder, or other conditions. A decreased activity level can also cause weight gain due to medical problems such as arthritis.

Certain medications can cause weight gain if not properly managed through exercise and diet. These medications include antidepressants as well as anti-seizure and diabetes medications, along with antipsychotic, steroids, and beta-blockers.

Social and Economic Issues

Obesity is often linked to socio-economic factors. Obesity can be avoided if there is no safe place to exercise or go for walks. It is possible that you have not been taught healthy cooking techniques or have limited access to healthier foods. Additionally, your relationships with people can have an effect on your weight. You are more likely if you have relatives or friends who are obese to develop obesity.

 

Obesity can develop at any age. However, obesity is more common as we age and our lifestyles become less active. Your body’s amount of muscle also tends decrease as you age. A lower metabolism can be caused by a decreased muscle mass. These changes can lead to a decrease in calorie requirements and make it difficult to lose excess weight. If you don’t make conscious choices about what you eat, and if your physical activity declines as you age you will likely gain weight.

Other

Pregnancy. The commonest weight gain during pregnancy. It can be hard for women to lose weight after having a baby. This weight gain can contribute to the development obesity in women.

Quitting Smoking. Losing weight is often a side effect of quitting smoking. Some people may gain enough weight to become obese. People often resort to eating in order to stop smoking withdrawal. Long-term, quitting is better for your health than smoking. Stop smoking and your doctor can help prevent weight gain.

A lack of sleep. Hormonal changes that cause an increase in appetite or sleepiness can occur. It is possible to crave high-calorie, high-carbohydrate foods which can cause weight gain.

Weight gain. Numerous external factors can influence our moods and well-being. Stress situations can cause people to crave higher-calorie food.

My Microbiome. What I eat may have an impact on my gut bacteria. This can cause weight gain, or even difficulty losing weight.

Even if you have some of these risk factors, that doesn’t mean you are destined to be obese. Most risk factors can easily be overcome by changing your lifestyle, diet, and physical activity.

Complications

People who are obese are more likely have a host of health problems.

Heart disease, strokes and hypertension. High blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol levels are risk factors for strokes and heart disease.

Type2 diabetes. Obesity has the potential to affect insulin’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels. This increases your risk of developing diabetes and insulin resistance.

Specific cancers.

Digestive disorders. Obesity can lead to heartburn, gallbladder diseases and liver problems.

Sleep apnea. Those with obesity are more susceptible to developing sleep apnea.

Osteoarthritis. Obesity causes weight-bearing and joint stress, which in turn leads to inflammation. These factors can cause osteoarthritis.

Severe coronavirus disease 2019 symptoms. Obesity may increase the chance of developing severe symptoms. COVID-19 is a serious illness that can lead to death.

Quality of Life

Obesity can affect your overall quality of living. You might be unable to perform the same activities as you used. Public places might be avoided. Some people with obesity might even be discriminated against.

There are also other weight-related issues which could affect your quality and life.

Depression

Disability

Shame and guilt

Social isolation

Lower work achievement

Solutions to the Obesity Epidemic

Obesity and overweight are often treated with healthy eating, more exercise and other lifestyle changes. Weight-management programs can help people lose weight or stop them from gaining it back. Some people with obesity have difficulty losing enough weight to improve their overall health. Others are unable or unwilling to gain weight. In these cases, doctors may suggest additional treatments like weight-loss medication, weight loss devices, and bariatric surgery.

Experts recommend losing 5-10% of your bodyweight in the first 6 months. [10] This means that you could lose as little as 10 lbs if your body weight is 200. A loss of 5-10% may be possible

You can lower your chances to develop problems from being overweight or obese.

Increased health issues related to obesity and overweight (HT0_ high blood pressure , high cholesterol)

  • Support for Greater Physical Activity

The amount of energy you use during the day can be increased by increasing your physical activity. This can help to maintain energy balance and prevent weight gain. It can also be used to help with weight loss and negative energy balance. Even though it can help with energy balance, simply adding a run or a visit to the gym won’t often shift it. Why? Exercise can increase hunger. However, there is a limit to how many calories an individual can burn in 30-60 min. Non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT), which is a way to increase movement throughout the day, is also important.

  • Recess time and physical education are two of the most important things to do in schools. Not only does it help kids stay healthy but also it helps them learn.
  • Increase safety and accessibility for people who want to exercise, play, or cycle in their neighbourhoods.
  • Encourage kids to bike or walk to school, if safe.
  • You can build family and community activity around physical activity like walks together, trips at the park, or community walking.
  • Encourage walking meetings and movement breaks in your workday.
  • Find activities that make you happy and fit into your daily life. Yard work, yardwork, playing tag, and even going out dancing are all good options.

Healthy dining plan

A healthy diet with fewer calories may be the first step in treating obesity or overweight. When starting a healthy eating program, people who are overweight or obese should also be doing regular physical activity. You may be able to burn more calories by being active. Regular exercise may help you maintain a healthy weight. Regular exercise combined with healthy eating will help you shed weight and keep it off.

Make a change in your life

You may find it difficult to change your eating and lifestyle habits. But with some effort, regular support and patience you can lose weight and improve health. These tips can help to reduce weight, increase physical activity, and improve long-term health.

You should be prepared for setbacks. You should eat when you are in the dining room or at the kitchen table. Avoid working in places where sweets are available. Track your progress with online trackers for food and physical activity such as the Food Planner. It can help you keep track how much you eat, how many calories you burn, and what you eat. These tools could help you stick to it and keep you motivated.

Make goals. This will help you keep on track. You don’t want to “be more active”; instead, you should set a goal of walking 15 to 30 minutes each morning before work or lunch. Do not miss a Monday morning walk. You can start it again Tuesday.

Find support. Ask friends and family for advice or support. Support can be given in person, via email or texting, and by speaking on the telephone. You can also join support groups. Expertly trained health professionals can help change your lifestyle.

Weight-management programs

Some people find formal weight-management programs beneficial. Specialized weight-management experts will develop a customized plan for you and then help you implement it. The plans include a low-calorie diet, more physical activity, and strategies to help you adopt new habits. Individual or group sessions may be offered by the specialists. Specialists may reach out to you via phone or email to provide support for your plan. Smartphones, pedometers, accelerometers, etc. can help you keep track of how closely you adhere to your plan.

Online weight-management or commercial loss programs might be beneficial to some individuals.

Weight-loss medicines

Your doctor might prescribe medication to treat obesity.

Try to adhere to your healthy eating plan, and keep up regular exercise while you take weight-loss medicine.

There may be ads for herbal medicines and dietary supplements NIH that claim they can help you lose weight. Many of these claims may not be true. Some of these supplements may even cause severe side effects. You should consult your doctor before you take any herbal remedies or dietary supplement to help you lose weight.

Weight-loss devices

If you are unable to lose weight or gain weight back with other treatments, your doctor could recommend weight reduction devices . Researchers do not have enough data to judge their safety and effectiveness. Weight-loss products have been approved only recently. Weight-loss devices include

Electrical stimulation. It is a device that a surgeon inserts in your abdomen during laparoscopic procedure . The device blocks nerve activity from your stomach to brain.

Gastric system. Doctors place one or two balloons in the stomach through a tube which goes into your mouth. Once the balloons are placed in your stomach the surgeon will add salt water to them so that they take up more room in your stomach and make you feel fuller.

The gastric emptying method. It uses a pump that drains some of the food from your stomach following a meal. The device has a tube which runs from your stomach into your abdomen. After eating, the pump will drain the food from your stomach into the toilet.

 

This operation helps you lose weight by changing your digestion. If you are suffering from extreme obesity, and you are unable to lose the excess weight that you need to improve your health, or to gain back any weight that you have lost through other methods, then bariatric surgeries may be an option. If you have serious health problems such as Type 2 Diabetes or Sleep Apnea due to obesity, Bariatric Surgery may be an option. The treatment of obesity can help with many medical conditions, especially type 2.

Special diets

Calorie-restricted diets

Your doctor may recommend a lower-calorie diet of 1,200 to 1,500 calories daily for women and 1,500-1,800 calories per day to men. Your body weight and your level of activity will impact the calorie levels. A low-calorie diet that includes a variety healthy foods will provide you with the nutrients you require to be healthy.

Intermittent fasting

Intermittent fasting can be used to reduce food intake. This is an effective strategy for weight loss as well as health benefits. Alternate Day Fasting is one form of intermittent fasting. This involves eating no calories for one-fourth or more of your caloric needs and then switching with a “fed” day, which allows you to eat as much as you like. Research has only conducted a few studies about intermittent fasting as a method for weight loss. Long-term data is not available on the safety or effectiveness of intermittent fasting in long-term weight maintenance.