Obesity causes and solutions essay

Obesity causes and solutions essay from experts

Obesity can be a complicated disease that involves an excess of body fat. Obesity can be more than a cosmetic problem. Obesity is a medical condition that can increase the risk of certain diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. People may have trouble losing weight for many reasons. Obesity is often due to inherited, physiological, and environmental factors. This can be combined with diet, exercise, and physical activity.

Even a modest weight loss can help to improve or prevent obesity-related health problems. You can lose weight by eating a healthier diet, engaging in more physical activity, and making lifestyle changes. Additional options include prescription medications and weight loss procedures.

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What is the prevalence of obesity and overweight?

  • More than one third of adults were overweight
  • More than one third of adults were classified as obese.
  • More than 2/3 of adults were overweight or obese

Who are you more likely to become overweight?

3 Men are more likely to be overweight than women.

Who are more likely to be obese?

A U.S. national survey found that certain groups are more likely than others to be obese. 

  • Black adults were 48 percent more likely to be obese than whites.
  • 42 percent of Hispanic adults were obese.
  • White adults were more likely to be obese than those of other races, with 36 percent being white.
  • Women are more likely to be obese than their male counterparts.

There are many factors that influence who is more likely than others to be obese. These factors can have different effects on people.

How do people gain weight?

Many factors can cause weight gain and impact how much body weight you have. Your body stores extra calories if you consume more calories through food and beverages than you do from exercise or daily activities like sitting or sleeping. If you continue to eat more calories than you burn, you’ll likely gain weight over time. Overweight or obesity can be caused by excessive weight gain.

Who should be losing weight?

Experts recommend that obese people lose weight. People who are overweight or have one or more of the following factors should lose weight. These factors include:

Signs of obesity

The body mass index (BMI), is commonly used to diagnose obesity. BMI is calculated by multiplying weight in pounds with 703, dividing by height (in inches) and then dividing again by height (in inches). You can also divide the weight in kilograms with the height in meters squared.

BMI Weight status
Below 18.5 Underweight
18.5-24.9 Normal
25.0-29.9 Overweight
30.0 or higher Obesity

Asians with a BMI greater than 23 may be at higher risk for developing health problems.

BMI is a good indicator of body fat for most people. But, since BMI does not directly measure body weight, some people (e.g., athletes who are muscular) may have a BMI that is in the obese category, even though they have no excess body fat.

To help with treatment decisions, many doctors will also measure the waist circumference of a patient. Women with a waist measurement of over 35 inches (89 cmimeters) are more likely to have weight-related health issues.

When to visit a doctor

Ask your doctor about weight management if you are concerned about your weight. Your doctor and you can discuss your options for weight loss and assess your health risks.

Causes

Obesity is a condition where you eat more calories than you burn during your daily activities or exercise. There are many factors that can influence body weight such as genetic, hormonal, metabolic, and hormonal factors. These extra calories are stored as fat in your body. The majority of Americans eat too many calories, often from high-calorie drinks and fast food. Obese people may eat more calories before feeling satisfied, feel hungry faster, or eat more because of stress or anxiety.

People who live in Western countries have less physically demanding jobs, which means they don’t burn as many calories at the office. Conveniences like remote controls, escalators and online shopping mean that even daily activities are less caloric.

Risk factors

Obesity is usually caused by a combination of factors and causes.

  • Family inheritance and impacts

Your genes may influence how much body fat you have and where it is located. Your genes may play a part in how fast your body uses food to produce energy, how you regulate your appetite, and how calories are burned during exercise. Obesity is a trait that runs in families. This is not due to the genetics they share. Families tend to have similar eating and exercise habits.

  • Lifestyle options

Unhealthy diet. High in calories, low in fruits and veggies, high in fast food and high-calorie drinks, leads to weight gain.

Liquid calories. It is possible to consume many calories and not feel full, particularly if you are drinking alcohol. Other high-calorie drinks like sugared soft drink can also contribute to weight gain.

Inactivity. A sedentary lifestyle can mean that you eat more calories per day than you burn in exercise and other daily activities. Sedentary activities include looking at your phone, tablet or computer screen. Weight gain is strongly linked to the amount of time spent looking at a screen.

  • Some diseases and medicines

Some people can attribute their obesity to medical conditions, such as Prader Wili syndrome, Cushing syndrome or other disorders. Weight gain can also be caused by medical conditions such as arthritis.

If you don’t exercise or eat right, some medications can cause weight gain. Some antidepressants, anti seizure medication, antipsychotic medications and steroids are some of these medications.

  • Economic and social issues

Obesity is linked to economic and social factors. If you don’t have somewhere safe to exercise or walk, it can be difficult to avoid obesity. You may also not have been trained in healthy cooking or have easy access to healthier food options. Your weight can also be affected by the people you surround yourself with — you are more likely to become obese if you have close friends or family members who are overweight.

  • Age

Obesity can happen at any age, even young children. As you get older, hormonal changes and a more active lifestyle can increase your chances of becoming obese. As you age, your body’s muscle mass decreases. A decrease in muscle mass generally leads to a decrease of metabolism. These changes can also decrease calorie intake, making it more difficult to lose weight. You’ll gain weight if you don’t control your eating habits and get more active with age.

Other Factors

Pregnancy. Weight Gain is common during pregnancy. This weight gain can be difficult for some women to lose once the baby is born. This can lead to obesity in women.

  • Quitting smoking. Weight gain is often associated with quitting smoking. For some, this can cause enough weight gain to be considered obese. This is often due to people using food as a way to deal with withdrawal from smoking. Quitting smoking can be a better option for your health in the long-term than continuing to smoke. After quitting smoking, your doctor will be able to help you avoid weight gain.
  • Insufficient sleep. Too much or too little sleep can lead to changes in hormones and an increase in appetite. In addition to craving high-calorie and carbohydrate foods, this can lead to weight gain.
  • Obesity can be caused by stress. There are many external factors that can affect your mood and well-being. When stressed situations are occurring, people tend to eat more high-calorie foods.
  • Microbiome. What you eat can have an impact on your gut bacteria and cause weight gain or loss.

Even if you have any of these risk factors it doesn’t necessarily mean you are likely to become obese. Most risk factors can be counteracted by diet, exercise, and behavioral changes.

Complications

Obese people are more likely than others to have serious health issues, such as:

  • Strokes and heart disease. Obesity increases your risk of developing high blood pressure or abnormal cholesterol levels.
  • Type 2 Diabetes. Obesity may affect insulin use to regulate blood sugar. This increases the risk of developing insulin resistance and diabetes.
  • Some cancers.
  • Digestive issues. Being overweight increases your risk of developing gallbladder disease, heartburn and other problems.
  • Sleep Apnea. Obese people are more likely than others to suffer from sleep apnea. This is a serious condition in which the body’s ability to stop and restart breathing during sleep.
  • Osteoarthritis. Obesity places more stress on the weight-bearing joints and causes inflammation. These factors can lead to osteoarthritis.
  • Severe symptoms of COVID-19. Obesity can increase your risk of getting infected by the virus that causes coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 can be severe and may require medical assistance or intensive care.

Quality life

Obesity can reduce your quality of life. You might not be able do the same physical activities you once enjoyed. Public places may be avoided. Obese people may be discriminated against.

You may also be affected by weight-related issues, which can impact your quality of living.

  • Depression
  • Disability
  • Shame and guilt
  • Social isolation
  • Lower work achievement

Solutions to the Obesity Epidemic

  • Weight loss, exercise, healthy eating and other lifestyle changes are some of the common ways to combat obesity and overweight. Some people may lose weight and/or keep off gaining weight through weight-management programs. Obese people may not be able to lose enough weight to improve or prevent regaining. A doctor might recommend additional treatments such as weight-loss medications, weight-loss devices or bariatric surgeries.
  • Experts suggest losing between 5 and 10 percent of your bodyweight within six months. [10] A loss of 10 pounds is possible if you are 200 lbs. You may lose 5-10% of your weight.
  • Reduce your chances of getting health issues due to obesity and overweight
  • Improve health problems associated with obesity and overweight, such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure

Encourage Greater Physical Activity

Increased physical activity can increase the amount of energy used during the day. This can prevent weight gain by maintaining energy balance. This can help shift someone into a negative energy balance, and may even facilitate weight loss. However, adding an exercise session such as a run or to the gym doesn’t always shift your energy balance.

It’s definitely good for your health. Why? Why? Exercise can cause hunger and there are only so many calories that a person can consume in 30-60 minutes. It’s important to search for non-exercise activity thermogenesis (NEAT) opportunities. This means, you should find ways to increase your movement throughout the day.

  • Physical education and recess should be given priority in schools. Moving helps kids learn, and it’s a great way to keep them healthy.
  • Safer and easier access to walking, biking, and playing in your neighborhood.
  • Encourage children to cycle or walk to school when it is safe.
  • Family and community activities can revolve around physical activity such as walks, trips to the park, walking together, community walking, and exercise groups.
  • Encourage walking meetings, movement breaks and treadmill desks to encourage more movement during the workday.
  • Find activities that you enjoy and work for your lifestyle. You can do yard work, play tag with your children, or go out dancing.

Healthy Eating Plan

A healthy eating program that has fewer calories can be a good first step to treating obesity and overweight. When people start a healthy eating plan, they should be active and not just for those who are obese or overweight. Active lifestyles can help you burn calories. Regular exercise can help you maintain a healthy weight. Regular exercise, when combined with healthy eating habits, can help you lose weight while maintaining a healthy weight.

Change your habits

It can be difficult to change your lifestyle and eating habits. However, with patience, support and regular effort, you might be able lose weight and improve your overall health. These tips can help you to think of ways to lose weight, get more exercise, and improve your health long-term.

Expect setbacks. They are common. Try to get back on track as soon as possible. Eat only in your kitchen or dining room. Avoid areas that offer treats at work. You can track your progress online using food and activity trackers such as the Weight Planner. This will help you keep track your diet, exercise, and weight. These tools can help you stay on track and motivated.

Have goals. Specific goals will help you stay on track. Instead of saying “be more active”, set a goal for yourself to walk between 15 and 30 minutes before you go to work, lunch, or on Fridays. You can always go back to Monday’s walk if you missed it.

Get support. Ask your friends, family members, and health care professionals for encouragement. Support can be received in person, by email, text, or over the phone. A support group can be joined. You can also seek the help of specially trained health professionals to change your life.

Weight-management programs

A formal weight-management program may be beneficial for some people. A weight-management program is a plan that has been designed specifically for you by trained specialists in weight management. They will also help you to implement your plan. You will be able to eat a healthier diet and get more exercise. The specialists may meet with you on-site, either in group or individual sessions. To support your plan, the specialists may contact you by phone or via internet. You can track your progress with devices such as smartphones, pedometers and accelerometers.

Online weight-management programs or commercial programs may be of benefit to some people.

Weight-loss medicines

Your doctor may prescribe medications to treat obesity if healthy eating and exercise habits are not sufficient. It is important to keep your healthy eating habits intact and to continue exercising while on weight-loss medication. Advertisements for herbal remedies or dietary supplements NIH may appear that promise to help you lose weight. Many of these claims are false. Some supplements can have dangerous side effects. Before you try to lose weight, talk with your doctor.

Weight-loss devices

If you have not been able lose weight, or to gain back any weight from other treatments, your doctor may recommend weight loss devices. Researchers don’t have any long-term data regarding the safety and effectiveness of weight-loss devices, as they have just recently been approved. Weight-loss devices include

  • Electrical stimulation system. A surgeon places a device in your abdomen using laparoscopic surgical . This device blocks nerve activity between the stomach and brain.
  • The gastric balloon system. A doctor inserts one or more balloons into your stomach via a tube that passes through your mouth. The surgeon will then fill the balloons with salt water to make them take up more space in the stomach and make you feel fuller.
  • Gastric emptying. After a meal, a pump drains part of your stomach. It includes a tube that runs from your stomach to your abdomen. The pump is used to empty your stomach via the tube into the toilet. This takes between 20 and 30 minutes.

Bariatric Surgery

The bariatric surgery is a series of operations that helps you lose weight through changes to the digestive system . If you are severely obese and cannot lose weight, bariatric surgery might be an option. If you have severe health issues, such as type2 diabetes and sleep apnoea related to obesity, bariatric surgery may be an option. Many of the medical conditions that are associated with obesity can be improved by bariatric surgery, particularly type 2 diabetes.

Special diets

Calorie-restricted diets

Your doctor might recommend a lower-calorie diet, such as 1,200-1500 calories per day for women or 1,500-1800 calories for men. Your body weight and level of physical activity will determine the calorie count. You will be able to get the nutrients you need by eating a lower-calorie diet and eating a wide variety of healthy foods.

Intermittent fasting

Intermittent fasting, another method of reducing food intake, is becoming more popular as a way to lose weight and improve health. Alternate day fasting, which consists of eating a fast day (eating only one-fourth of your daily caloric requirements) and then alternating with a fed day (unrestricted food). Only a handful of studies have been conducted on intermittent fasting as an option for weight loss. There is no evidence that intermittent fasting can be safe and effective for weight maintenance.